Islands of South America
The fourth-largest among continentsPlanet takes South America. Its average area is 17.8 square meters. km. The main area of the continent is located in the Southern and Western hemispheres, a small portion is located in the North. The largest island in South America: Tierra del Fuego, Falkland, Chiloe, Wellington and the Galapagos.
This continent is separated from the other vastocean spaces. The isolation of the resulted features of nature. Therefore, flora and fauna of South America differ endemism. The area of the mainland with the nearby islands is 18 million sq. M. km.
The permanent population is not on theseIslands like the South Sandwich and South Georgia. It plots of land belonging to the group belonging to the Falkland Islands and the UK. They have long been challenged by Argentina. On the continent there are 12 states:. Venezuela, Colombian Republic, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile, Suriname and others around the continent are located relatively few large land areas. It is very rugged Pacific coast station. It is surrounded by numerous islands of different sizes, which are combined in the archipelago of Tierra del Fuego and Chilean. There are fjords, bays and straits separating the island from each other.
By the islands of South America belongs to Trinidad. It is located in the Caribbean Sea, off the northeastern coast of the mainland. The island is part of the Trinidad and Tobago government. Its shores are surrounded by coral formations and covered with mangroves. In the Pacific Ocean stretched Galapagos Islands. They form an archipelago of volcanic origin, formed 10 million. Years ago. The Galapagos Islands belong to Ecuador.
Islands of South America have variednatural complexes and landscapes. On the continent and the islands there are forests, mountains, deserts and plains. On mainland territory stretches of the Cordillera mountain range, which is second only to the height of the Himalayas. In South America is a huge Amazon basin, which flows into the Atlantic. Nature a vast area of the equatorial rain forest was formed here.
The climate of the mainland and the islands ranges thatIt depends on the distance of a particular area of the equator. The northern part of the continent is under the influence of the equatorial climate with the highest temperatures in January. The southern areas are located in the polar zone. On the Galapagos Islands, a bit cooler than in other parts of the land near the equator. Next to them during the cold passes. Therefore, air temperature, on average, equal to 24 degrees, and sometimes water is cooled to 20 degrees.