Culture of Armenia
The initial stage of formation of culture of ArmeniaIt refers to the VI century BC The traditions embodied in the ancient state of Urartu, Armenia suggest one of the centers of human civilization of international importance. An important thrust of Armenia's culture was its adoption in the IV century BC Christianity as the main religion.
Alphabet and literature
The language in which the greatest works writtenArmenian literature, is considered one of the most ancient among the writings. The Armenian alphabet there is no significant change from the V century, and at the same time begins the scientific study of language.
In the XII century created spelling dictionary, and three hundred years later there are the first books printed in the Armenian language.
Music of the Armenian people
The emergence and development of music - an integral part ofArmenian culture. Already in the IV century high school students studied singing. One hundred years later began to form the art of creation hymns. It developed in the Middle Ages in Armenia acoustics theory and formed a system of musical notation enabled musicians to create masterpieces. Until today survived the most striking examples of the work ashugs - poets, bards, performing at festivals of his own songs.
In the early 20-ies of XX century to open in YerevanConservatory and created a symphony orchestra. After a few years, the world acquainted with the works of Aram Khachaturian, whose "Sabre Dance" is becoming one of the most recognizable pieces of music of world importance.
Greatness Through the Ages
Architectural features of Armenian buildingslies in the simplicity and grandeur at the same time. Temples and houses were built in the territory of the Armenian state for many centuries, and the most important monument of the ancient builders historians believe temple of Garni, built shortly after the onset of a new era. Not less important buildings of the ancient capital Artashat, which is called "Armenian Carthage".
Obligatory acquaintance recommended the traveler in Armenia and its famous temples, the like of which exists nowhere else in the world:
- Echmiadzin - Pervoprestolny Holy Temple. located in Vagharshapat and is the throne of Catholicos of All Armenians. Its construction dates back to IV-V century, which makes the temple one of the oldest Orthodox on the planet.
- Church of St. John the Baptist, built in the village of Byurakan in the tenth century. Numerous khachkars - stele carved with images of the cross - are located around the temple in large numbers.
- The Armenian Apostolic Church Vahramashen, built in the eleventh century on the slopes of Mount Aragats Ashot the Iron.