The Bahamas are located in the AtlanticOcean north of the Caribbean Sea. The archipelago is a set of islands that stretch south-east of Florida. Officially, he is referred to as the Bahamas. It consists of 700 islands and 2,000 coral reefs. Of these, only 30 are inhabited islands. The total area of the island nation of more than 250 thousand square meters. km. Bahamas opened in 1492, Columbus.
Bahamas is sometimes referred to as the Caribbeanregion, whereas in fact they are part of the West Indies. The composition of the archipelago also includes the islands of Turks and Caicos, which do not belong to the Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the United Kingdom are considered overseas possessions. The most populated of the islands are New Providence (where the capital is state - Nassau city) and Grand Bahama. The largest island of Andros is considered. Bahamas formed from coral limestone, which reaches a depth of about 1500 m. The shallow areas abound with coral formations and reefs. The most significant form large reefs of the Bahamas to the bank.
The islands are covered with plains and karstformations. The highest point is the peak of Mount Alvernia, rising to 62 m. In the coastal areas of the beaches. Rivers on the islands are almost nonexistent, and the flora is quite poor. The surface of land occupied, mostly savanna, evergreen shrubs and pine forests. Coconut palms grow in coastal areas. On the islands of Great Abaco and Andros has tropical forests.
The Bahamas are located in the areatropical Equatorial climate. Abundant rainfall recorded here in May and June, and in the first months of autumn. In July, the average temperature is 30 degrees, 21 degrees in January. The climate is greatly influenced by the warm Gulf Stream. In summer and autumn Bahamas prone to hurricanes.
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In past centuries the locals as slavesexported by the Spaniards in Haiti. Gradually the Indians were almost wiped out, after which the Spaniards left the island. Today, the population is dominated by negros and mulattos. The white population is about 12%. They are descendants of immigrants from the United Kingdom.
Today, the Bahamas - is an independent state,functioning on the basis of the Westminster model. The Bahamas is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Queen of Great Britain. Its representative on the islands is the Governor-General. The local population is employed mainly in the tourism sector.