Phnom Penh - capital of Cambodia
The capital of Cambodia - Phnom Penh - based in1372. According to ancient legend, he founded a nun named Stump, which saw floating on the river of a Buddha statue. Subsequently, the nun helped to establish the first church on the banks of the Mekong, where the statues were installed caught.
City `s history
The first mention of Phnom Penh as the capitaldated to the first half of the fifteenth century. It was in 1431, King Ponya Yat fled from the former capital Agkor Thom, fleeing from the defeat of Thai. The status of the main city of the state remained in Phnom Penh has over 73 years of age. After this capital "wandered" in different cities of almost four centuries and only in 1866 this status officially entrenched for Phnom Penh.
Beginning of the twentieth century and the next fourdecades have been marked by a breakthrough in the life of the city. There massively built schools, hospitals, hotels, railways developed. The small village has turned into a real metropolis.
The Vietnam War was for real Phnom Penhtest. Here the troops were based in North Vietnam. Also here I poured a flood of refugees. In the 70s, the bloody machine Pol Pot massively cut off the people who were not profitable empire "Khmer Rouge". Today, 15 kilometers from Phnom Penh, is a memorial to the fallen victims. It is here that buried hundreds of thousands of people killed in Chengek. Despite numerous disagreements with Cambodians of Vietnamese neighbors, it is the Vietnamese army knocked Rouge from Phnom Penh. In this regard, the people of Cambodia have different attitudes to its neighbors.
Attractions Phnom Penh
Tuol Sleng; Silver Pagoda; Choeung Ek - thisCambodia's most famous attractions of the state capital. It is for these places in Phnom Penh tourists come here and taken home a lot of photos.
Tuol Sleng - the most infamous Museumnot only capital but also the whole country. Until 1975, it housed an ordinary school. was "Prison security 21" From 1975 to 1979 in these areas. Over the years the camp has been tortured more than 17 thousand prisoners. Vietnamese troops seized the school, found in only seven survived. After the overthrow of the prison remained intact regime. In 1980, the museum was founded, which operates to this day. Every stone and every centimeter of this museum recalls the horrific crimes.