Islands of Canada: photo. Popular Island Canada

Canada's Islands

Canada's Islands

A significant part of North America takesCanada. The North zone is located about 75% of the lands of the state. He washed the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic oceans. The country borders with Denmark and the United States. Islands in Canada located north of the mainland. They form the Canadian Arctic archipelago, which is considered one of the largest on the planet. Between the islands there are passages leading into the Beaufort Sea. This region has a polar ice. Here it is located the north magnetic pole.

Geographical features

All areas of land as part of the archipelago areCanada property. Most of the islands are part of the territory of Nunavut. The archipelago is located in the Arctic Ocean. In the Atlantic, the island is located just south-eastern part. For the largest islands of the world rank these Islands as Ellesmere, Baffin and Victoria. In total, the Canadian Archipelago allocate 36,563 land area.

The extreme point of the country in the south of the island standsOf Middle Island (Lake Erie). Near the Atlantic coast of Newfoundland spreads - a big island on which the airport is situated Gander, is an important point for flights from America and Europe. Islands of Canada is also in the Pacific Ocean. The largest of them is Vancouver.

The country occupies an area of ​​not less than 10 million sq. M. km, accounting for about 1.5 million sq. m on the island. km. In the Canadian city of Kingston Brookville and stretches of land, referred to as "Thousand Island". This archipelago of various islands. It looks very picturesque, addressing one of the most beautiful places in the country. Earlier archipelago is disputed between the United States and Canada. Today, two-thirds of the island belongs to Canada. Archipelago is an ecotourism center. The most famous of them is the Heart Island. He once bought George Bolt (multi-millionaire) for his wife. The largest portion of the land as part of the archipelago stands Wolf Island. It is situated on the territory of the Province of Ontario. National Park "Thousand Islands" entered in the UNESCO list in 2002. In this place, Canada joins with the United States a miniature bridge.

Polar islands are under the authority of Canadaglaciers. Snow and ice do not disappear there, even in summer. Tundra territory covered Baffin Island, as well as other areas of land on the northern coast of the country.

Weather

In most of the Canadian territory of prevailsub-arctic and temperate climate. In the northern areas in January, says the average temperature -35 degrees. On the Pacific coast, it is +4 degrees. In July, on the islands of the Arctic archipelago of Canada and the air temperature is 4 degrees.

Photo

  • Canada's Islands
  • Canada's Islands
  • Canada's Islands

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