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Caribbean

Caribbean

Caribbean - is a set of islands inCaribbean. There are three island groups: the Bahamas, the Lesser Antilles and Greater Antilles. Traditionally Caribbean belongs to the West Indies. This region has a fascinating history. For several centuries it was influenced by Spain, the UK, France, Holland, the USA and Denmark. West Indies is located between the North and South America, stretching from the mouth of the Orinoco River to the Yucatan Peninsula and Florida.

In the Caribbean, a large number ofvarious islands, large and small, covered with rocks and tropical forests. These islands possess different states. For Greater Antilles include Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Puerto Rico. Lesser Antilles - and this Windward Leeward Islands. The total surface area of ​​all the islands of the West Indies is 244,890 square meters. km. The most significant area of ​​which occupied the Greater Antilles. They strongly rise above the sea. With regard to the Bahamas, they are coral reefs.

Caribbean islands differ picturesque nature. In the west, Haiti, Cuba, the east and the north of Jamaica, located the highest mountain peaks. The eastern part of the Lesser Antilles - is plain. Isles Beach are convenient bays and coastal area rich in coral reefs that extend over the water. Most of the Caribbean islands is of volcanic origin.

Climatic features

The Caribbean islands are under the influencesmooth tropical climate. In May begins hot and humid time. These days it rains every day. Intense rainfall observed in the Greater Antilles. Two weeks later, there comes a tropical summer, which is characterized by heat and dryness. The coastal winds soften a little heat. Despite the hot summer, the climate is considered to be raw. He contributes to the spread of yellow fever and other tropical diseases. A healthier climate in the mountain regions.

The Caribbean islands are often subject tothe ravages of the elements. In early autumn storms are formed here. The most pleasant time of year on the island - it is winter, which begins in late November and lasts until May.

Countries of the Caribbean

The largest islands of the Greater Antilles groupis Cuba. The state of the same name is located on the island. In addition to his in the country includes the island of Isla de la Juventud and about 1,600 nearby reefs and small islands. For Greater Antilles include Jamaica, ranked third on the scale. Close the island is considered to Puerto Rico, where the stretched state of the same name. In Haiti, an island located countries such as the Republic of Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

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