The population of Estonia. The population in Estonia: features, weight, composition

The population of Estonia

The population of Estonia

Estonia has a population of over 1 million people.

The oldest settlement found onEstonia, refer to the Kunda culture. In the future, the representatives of this culture mixed with Finno-Ugric, and then with the Baltic tribes. In addition, of great importance in shaping the Estonian nation were to play the Germans, Slavs and Scandinavians.

National composition:

  • Estonian (65%);
  • Russian;
  • other nations (Ukrainians, Belarusians, Finns, Tatars).

On average, 1 sq km is home to 36 people, but the most densely populated Harju and less dense - Hiiu counties.

Official language - Estonian, but widespread is the Russian language.

Big cities: Tallinn, Tartu, Pärnu, Kohtla-Jarve, Narva, Viljandi.

Estonian residents profess Lutheranism, Orthodox, Baptist, Catholic.

life expectancy

On average, residents of Estonia live up to 69 years of age (men - 63, women - 76 years).

Rather low averagelife expectancy due to the fact that the state allocates for health care only $ 1300 per year for 1 person, while other European countries on this article allocate $ 4,000 of expenses. An important role in this regard is played by the fact that Estonia is considered the most drinking country in the world. In addition, Estonia ranks 30 in the world in cigarette consumption, but, despite this, the Estonians smoking 2 times less than the Russians, Ukrainians and citizens of Balkan countries.

The main causes of death in Estonia - malignant neoplasms, diseases of the circulatory system, external causes of death (suicide, accidents, car accidents).

The traditions and customs of the people of Estonia

Estonians are hardworking, reliable, intelligent and reserved people.

Of interest are the wedding traditions of Estonians: country marriage is entered into by all the rules are not after the wedding in the church, and after the bride will wear on her head a headdress of a married woman and her povyazhut apron. At weddings, the bride decided to abduct, partition off road wedding train, check the economic skills of the newlyweds and others.

In many Estonian families preserved the ancientTradition: immediately after the birth of her daughter in the room put a large trunk, which begin to collect a dowry (kitchen and household utensils, linens, jewelry). This is to ensure that by the time the grown-up girl decides to get married, she had a dowry chest.

If you are thinking in Estonia, take note of the following information:

  • in the country are allowed to smoke only in special rooms designated for smokers (there is non-smoking in restaurants, bars, doorways, at bus stops);
  • if you do not want to be fined, in any case, do not drink alcohol on the street;
  • welcome Estonians to be a nod or a handshake.


  • The population of Estonia
  • The population of Estonia

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