History of Cannes
Cannes or Cannes - one of the best known and most popular resorts in the Cote d'Azur. The city is located in the south of France, just 36 km from Nice and about 55 km from Monaco.
The exact date of foundation is unknown Cannes. According to one version already in the 2nd century BC on the site of the modern city there was a small fishing village Egitna based oksibiyami Ligurian tribe, the port which probably served as an important link between the mainland and the islands of Lerins, and later a Roman outpost. In 69 AD Egitna became the epicenter of military clashes between the troops of the current and future Roman emperors Otho and Vittel. Historians believe that during the following centuries the history Egitny somehow inextricably linked to the Lérins Islands, in the shade of which it actually was not having as such influence and independence. However, a sufficient amount of reliable information that can help to accurately recreate this stage of the history of Cannes, was not found.
In 891, the village was dominated by the Saracens,and remained under their control until near the end of the 10th century, and then again fell under the influence of Lerins monks. In the first half of the 11th century with the aim to provide relative control over the region and approaches to their shrines monks built on a hill Suquet watchtower, which today can be seen in the historic center of Cannes. In this period the city was already known under the name "Cana" and gradually grow and develop, despite the constant threat of invasion by pirates and a naval blockade of the coast due to the conflicts of the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Provence. Around the 14th century the city was part of the County of Provence, though still ruled by the abbot of Lerins.
By the early 16th century, the city was still formallyIt resides in the power of Lérins monks, although in fact already controlled by France. In 1520 begins the war between the French king Francis I and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Cannes becomes a "corridor" for marching armies. At present the "black" in the history of Cannes began in 1579, when a strong outbreak of plague wiped out most of its inhabitants.
Despite many claims to thedominance in the region in 17-18 centuries by Spain and the United Kingdom Provence land (including Cannes) remained a part of France. Revolutionizing the unrest shaking France in the 19th century, Cannes is practically not affected.
A new page in the history of Cannes begins in 1834year, with the arrival in town of the UK Lord Chancellor Henry Brougham. Caught by chance in Cannes, Broome was so fascinated that he decided to build a villa here. His example was followed by many members of the English aristocracy, will appreciate the excellent climate and beautiful natural landscapes of Cannes. Thanks suddenly rushed to the powerful flow of investments, the city began to grow rapidly and soon became one of the most "fashionable" places of the Côte d'Azur, retaining this status until today.
Today Cannes with its luxury hotels, brandedshops and gourmet restaurants - the world famous luxury resort, annually attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world. Famous city and a diverse array of cultural events, among which a special place, of course, take the legendary Cannes Film Festival and the International Advertising Festival "Cannes Lions".