The history of Paris. The base development, occurrence of Paris

History of Paris

Coat of arms of ParisCoat of arms of Paris

Nestled on the picturesque banks of the SeineParis - the largest city and capital of France. It is insanely beautiful and interesting city with a lot of cultural and architectural attractions, perfectly illustrate its turbulent centuries of history.

The base and the establishment of Paris

It was found during archaeological excavations,that the first settlement on the site of today's Paris existed in 9800-7500 gg. BC. The history of the modern city begins about the middle of the 3rd century BC, when on a small island Cité settled Celtic tribe Parisii, which subsequently happened city. By the beginning of the 2nd century based Parisi settlement Lutetia has become a well-fortified fortress city. In this period they were built and the first bridges over the Seine. As Lu was located at the crossroads of important trade routes, it is not surprising that it became the basis of trade and its economy. In the 1st century BC the city already had its own coin embossing.

The 52-year BC after exhausting battles Lutetia was dominated by the Romans. These developments are reflected in the composition of Julius Caesar's "Notes on the Gallic War", which are in fact the first written mention of the ancient city. Roman era made its tangible contribution to the development of the city, laying a solid foundation for its future economic development and prosperity. In fact Lutetia destroyed fairly quickly restored and thoroughly expanded, upsetting and also populating the left bank of the Seine. During his reign, the Romans built the forum, lots of villas, temples, baths, a huge amphitheater and aqueduct shestnadtsatikilometrovy and built new bridges and paved roads are good. By the beginning of the 4th century, Lu has called the "city of Parisot," and by the end of the reign of the Roman Empire in the country firmly established the name "Paris". In the 4th century, the city began to spread Christianity active.

The gradual collapse of the Roman Empire along withnumerous different invasions of Germanic tribes led to the decline of the city and a significant reduction in the population. At the end of the 5th century, Paris was dominated by Salian Franks, and in 508 became the capital of the Merovingian kingdom, which actually served as a new revolution in the development of the city. In the middle of the 8th century, when replacing the Merovingian dynasty came Carolingian kingdom's capital was Aachen. Paris was able to regain his palm until the end of the 10th century and the end of the 11th century, the city was already one of the largest European centers in the field of education and the arts. The peak of the prosperity of the city came in the 12-13 th century. The same period was marked by an active and urban development, including on the right bank of the Seine.

Middle Ages

Subsequent centuries for Paris stood out veryheavy - Hundred Years' War with the British, the terrible outbreak of the plague, which claimed thousands of lives, the religious wars between Catholics and Huguenots (1562-1598 gg.), the most severe stage of which was the infamous St. Bartholomew (1572) and (1337-1453). numerous uprisings in the 17th century. But in spite of that the city continues to grow and develop. Since the end of the 15th century and there is an enormous cultural revival, which entered the history as the "French Renaissance". Construct new palaces, temples, parks ... are broken. construction peak in 17-18-th century.

By the mid-18th century, Paris became the financialthe capital of continental Europe, a major center of the Enlightenment and a trendsetter. Parisian bankers in this period actively investing in science and art. Significant adjustments in the life of the city makes the French Revolution (1789-1799), the center of which actually became Paris. The revolution, which began in 1789 with the legendary storming of the Bastille, was in fact one of the most important milestones in the history of France and led to the overthrow of the absolute monarchy and the proclamation in 1792 of the First French Republic, which in 1799 was headed by Napoleon Bonaparte, proclaimed in 1804 by himself emperor .

In the era of the reign of Napoleon much has been doneto maintain order and improvement of the city. One of the largest and most important projects was the construction of Napoleon channel Ourcq and Saint-Martin, who decided to ensure a long fresh water problem of the city. Significantly changed the architectural face of Paris.

New time

In front of the city waiting for new shocks -Napoleon's overthrow and subsequent restoration of the power of these monarchs of the Bourbon dynasty, the revolution of 1830 and 1848 ... The latter led to the proclamation of the Second French Republic, which has become the head of Napoleon III. He was the initiator of the global redevelopment and modernization of the city. Town planning work was carried out under the direction of Georges Haussmann, and in many ways defined the modern look of Paris and significantly improved its infrastructure. Despite a four-month siege of the city during the Franco-Prussian War (1871), the surrender, the new revolutionary unrest and subsequent to this crisis by the end of the 19th century, Paris has experienced unprecedented growth and rapid economic development. During the First World War, German troops did not manage to get to Paris, and during the four years of German occupation during World War II (1940-1944 gg.), The city narrowly escaped large-scale destruction. In May 1968, Paris once again became the epicenter of the riots which eventually led to a change of government, the resignation of President Charles de Gaulle and, as a consequence, to a radical redistribution of society and changing the mentality of the French.

Today stylish and elegant Paris - a major political, economic and cultural center of France and one of the most influential global cities in the world.

Photos of Paris

  • Coat of arms of ParisCoat of arms of Paris
  • The Louvre in 1615The Louvre in 1615
  • Eiffel TowerEiffel Tower
  • LouvreLouvre
  • Moulin rougeMoulin rouge
  • Musee d'OrsayMusee d'Orsay
  • Sacre-Coeur in MontmartreSacre-Coeur in Montmartre
  • Luxembourg PalaceLuxembourg Palace

Leave a reply