Coat of arms of Berlin
The official symbol of the German capital todaya black bear. Coat of arms of Berlin, the main heraldic symbol, approved by the city authorities only in 1954. However, historians say that the image is a formidable predator is used as such for many centuries.
Description Berlin official symbol
Coat of arms of the city, as well as symbols of many other famous capitals of Europe, has a relatively simple compositional structure. Bear - The fearsome predator acts as the main element.
The image has some features inSpecifically, the animal is colored black, and not natural for him brown. In addition, the predator is represented standing on its hind legs, with oscherennoy mouth and his tongue hanging out. Color language and claws - scarlet, is one of the most common in the heraldic practice. The bear is depicted on the shield of white, the corresponding silver in heraldry.
Another element is crowned by a composition - a crown. On its rim, you can see the stonework of the castle or tower with a closed gate in the central part. Crown has five teeth-shaped leaves of carved leaves.
German scientists have shown that the earliestBerlin emblem image belongs to 1280. It can be seen on the seals of ancient documents preserved in the archives. There is one major difference from a modern symbol of the German capital - the presence of the print of two bears, one of which is painted in the familiar, brown color, and the second - in black.
Other important elements of the symbol of the city at the time were the eagle, known heraldic element and Markgräflerland helmet, emphasizes the historical roots and firmness of authority.
There is another explanation for the appearance of the helmet andBear at the Berlin coat of arms, is a kind of tribute to the Margrave of Brandenburg Albrecht I (ca. 1100 -. 1170), also known under the nickname of Albert the Bear. Under his leadership, actively absorbed eastern territories, which became a German colony.
By the middle of the XV century, one of the bears disappeared, but the second was in the company of an eagle. Bird of prey symbolized dynasty of Brandenburg electors, since they attended the family coat of arms.
Since 1588 the magistrate of Berlin allowed himselfuse the seal with the image of a bear, without eagle. In 1709 the situation changed dramatically - a bear stood up on its hind legs, and the number of birds has doubled, which became a symbol of union of Brandenburg and Prussia.