History of Milan
Milan Coat of Arms
Milan - the second largest city in Italy and its main financial and economic, industrial, cultural and scientific center, as well as one of the leading capitals of the world of fashion and design.
It is believed that Milan, or as named in itsancient times, Mediolanum was founded by the ancient Celtic people insubres who settled on the land Cisalpine Gaul about 400 BC In 222 BC the city was conquered by the Romans, and in 286 AD It became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. In 313 the Roman emperor Constantine in Milan was declared the so-called "Edict of Milan" on freedom of confession of the Christian faith, which is undoubtedly an important step in the establishment of Christianity as the official religion of the empire. In 402, the city was besieged by the Visigoths, and the capital was moved from Milan to Ravenna. In later centuries, Milan was under the control of the Huns, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards and the Franks, later becoming part of the Holy Roman Empire.
In the Middle Ages, largely due to itsstrategic location, allows you to control trade routes between Italy and Central Europe, which took place on the alpine passes, Milan grew rapidly and soon became a major commercial center, proclaiming itself in 1045 as an independent state (municipality). In 1162, after a nine-month siege, the city was invaded and virtually destroyed by the troops of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. By 1167, Milan was restored and headed the Lombard League. After the defeat of the imperial army at the Battle of Legnano (1176 g) of Milan, together with other cities of Lombardy, finally gained relative independence from the Holy Roman Empire. The peace agreement, better known as the Constance peace was signed in 1183 between Frederick Barbarossa and the Lombard League.
By the 13th century, Milan became one of the mostwealthy and influential cities in Europe. This period in the history of the town was marked by the confrontation between the two eminent birth Torriani (Guelphs) and Visconti (Ghibellines). At the beginning of the 14th century Visconti won the final victory, and in 1395 founded the Duchy of Milan and became the capital of which Milan. In 1450, the Duchy was headed home Sforza played an important role in the development of Milan as a major cultural center and one of the leading cities of the Italian Renaissance.
Since the beginning of the 16th century in Milan alternatelydominated by the French, Spaniards and Austrians. In 1859, after the Battle of Salferino Milan, together with other cities of Lombardy it became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which was transformed in 1861 to the Kingdom of Italy and soon became a major financial and industrial center. During the Second World War the town was repeatedly bombed and was completely destroyed, but quickly recovered.
Today, Milan - one of the most interesting andvisited cities in Europe. Numerous museums, galleries, theaters, architectural monuments, and of course, boutique shops leading brands attract millions of tourists from all over the world. Among the cultural events of international scale, conducted annually in Milan, the greatest interest - the famous Milan fashion week and the largest of its kind in the Milan Fair. World renown has Milanese opera house "La Scala", opens its doors to art lovers even in 1778.
- Milan Coat of Arms
- Milan in 1493 (Nuremberg Chronicle)
- Coat of arms of the Visconti
- Cathedral of Milan (Duomo)
- Sforza Castle
- Basilica of St. Ambrose
- La Scala Opera House
- Basilica of San Lorenzo