In the south-eastern Lithuania is Vilnius - the capitaland transportation center of the country. They occupied area is about 400 square meters. km. From this city go backbone to Klaipeda and Panevezys. The streets of Vilnius repeatedly experienced the devastating effects of war and civil strife. But the old part of the city has survived to the present day. Vilnius was founded in 1323 is considered to be a favorable period 15th century, when many monasteries, stone houses, churches were built in Vilnius. A large number of new streets appeared after 1471 In the 19th century the city was the third largest in Eastern Europe. After 1940 he began to belong to the Soviet Union. At this time it appeared in Vilnius streets and squares with Soviet names. In 1990, Lithuania's capital once again became independent from the USSR, in connection with which the streets have returned historical designations.
Central wide street with old buildings- Gediminas Avenue. Today, there are shopping centers, boutiques, departments, ministries, and restaurants. Avenue stretches for 2 km and is the concentration of interesting sights. He completed the Cathedral Square. Gediminas Avenue formerly called Avenue Mickiewicz, Stalin and Lenin. Its modern name is dedicated to the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas. The main state institutions are located on this avenue.
It is located in the center of the historic city. You can see the buildings of different architectural styles: Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, etc. Duke Gediminas The monument is located in the area near the national symbol - Gediminas castle.. It is believed that the city has started construction. The castle tower is open historical exposition. From the top of the tower offers a beautiful view of the Old Town.
Another main artery departs from the Cathedralarea. It Pilies Street, which is a hallmark of the city. The pavement is covered with red bricks in the street there are houses with tiled roofs. There are cozy restaurants, souvenir shops, galleries and museums. On the street Pilies is the Cathedral of St. Anne, belonging to the late Gothic.
This is a short and narrow street, which is consideredthe oldest in Vilnius. In the 19th century there were located bookstores and publishing. This fact led to the emergence of interesting street names. Here once lived the poet Adam Mickiewicz. Literatu different buildings with an unusual design. On the walls are plaques dedicated to writers and poets of different times.