The island of Madagascar
Among the islands of the world fourth largestMadagascar holds. It is located in the Indian Ocean. Mozambique Channel separates it from the African coast. Madagascar belongs to the state of the same name. Madagascar island is about 1,600 km and a width greater than 600 km. It covers an area of more than 587,000 km. The western coast of the island is washed by the Mozambique Channel. The rest go to the shore of the open Indian Ocean.
The island got its name thanks to MarcoPolo, the famous traveler to the Middle Ages. Most of Madagascar is a plateau. There are many volcanoes, earthquakes occur frequently. The highest point of the island is considered to be the peak Maromokotro reaching 2876 m lowland found on the east coast, and the plain -. On the west. The island has five mountain systems in which deposits of metals and minerals were found. Madagascar Landscapes varied. If the central part of the island grow eucalyptus and jacaranda forests, in the south you can see the tropical undergrowth.
The island of Madagascar is located in three climaticzones: tropical monsoon, temperate maritime and driest desert. The average temperature in the capital is equal to 17 degrees. Eastern coast of Madagascar are exposed to cyclones. On the island are frequent flooding. Low season on the islands - the winter when precipitation is at a maximum. During this period in the ocean there is a strong emotion, even though the water has a temperature of 30 degrees. Livni enhance moisture, eroding the road. Due to the wet and hot climate increases the risk to catch the tropical disease. Madagascar therefore not popular with vacationers in the winter. The swimming season continues in the area from May to mid-autumn. In May water has a temperature of about 26 degrees.
Madagascar is located near Africa. But the flora and fauna of the island is different from the African. It is home to rare animals that are not on other islands and continents. The most prominent representatives of the unique animals considered lemurs. Environmental characteristics of the island of Madagascar are unique. Endemic species of animals and plants make up about 80% of the local flora and fauna. Exceptional scenery - is the main advantage of Madagascar. Therefore, most of it is declared a conservation area and is under state protection.