History of Porto. The base development, occurrence of Porto

History Porto

Coat of arms of the city of Porto

Coat of arms of the city of Porto

Porto - the second largest city in Portugal, andIt is also an important economic, industrial and cultural center of the country. The city is located in the north-western part of the Iberian peninsula, 270 km north of Lisbon, in the mouth of the Douro River and just a few kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean. Porto is often called the "northern capital" of Portugal.

Ancient times

The history of the modern port dates back toancient times when the Iberian Peninsula was occupied by the Romans, and has more than two thousand years. At that time the city was called Portus Kale and was quite large trading port of the empire.

After the collapse of the Roman Empire in Portodominated Suevi, and with 585 years - the Visigoths. In 711, during the Arab invasion of the Iberian Peninsula Porto one of the first was captured by the Moors. The 868 captain and a vassal of the King of Asturias Alfonso III Great Vimara Peresh went to win the Moors occupied lands. After the liberation of the area between the rivers Minho and Douro (including the city of Oporto) with the permission of Alfonso III Vimara Peresh he founded and headed here County Condado de Portucale, from which it was later called "Portugal".

Middle Ages

In 1387 the wedding took place in PortoKing John I of Portugal and daughter of the English Duke John of Gaunt Philippa of Lancaster, to gain a foothold in the so-called "Windsor treaty" signed back in 1373 the Anglo-Portuguese treaty. Active and today the Anglo-Portuguese alliance is the oldest military alliance in history.

In the 14-15 centuries, Porto became one of the largestPortugal shipbuilding centers. In the early 15th century on the initiative of the Portuguese Infante Henry the Navigator (the son of King John I) from Porto a number of expeditions to the south along the West African coast was established that, in fact, laid the foundations of maritime and colonial Portuguese power, and marked the beginning of the era of "the Great discovery. "

New time

In 1809, Porto thoroughly damaged duringNapoleon Bonaparte's invasion forces in Portugal, and in 1820 became one of the centers of the Portuguese revolution, which led to the adoption in 1822 of the liberal constitution and subsequent civil war between supporters of absolute and constitutional monarchy. The important role played by the city in 1910 to abolish the monarchy, the revolution, and the revolution in 1974, as a result of which there was the final establishment of democracy in Portugal.

In 1996, Porto's historic center was included in theUNESCO World Heritage Site. Today Porto - one of the most picturesque cities in Europe, in the architectural appearance of which so harmoniously combines different styles - Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, baroque, neoclassical and modern.

Porto Pictures

  • Coat of arms of the city of Porto

    Coat of arms of the city of Porto

  • View of Porto

    View of Porto

  • Porto Cathedral

    Porto Cathedral

  • Clérigos Tower

    Clérigos Tower

  • Porto City Hall

    Porto City Hall

  • River Douro

    River Douro

Leave a reply