Portugal Flag (Bandeira de Portugal) isone of the most important distinctive signs and symbols of the state Portugal (Portugal), officially the Portuguese Republic (Republica Portuguesa), located in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula.
Portuguese flag is a flagrectangular shape with an aspect ratio of 2: 3, which comprises two vertical bands of different size. The left side of the cloth smaller colored green and occupies 2/5 of the total length of the flag, the right side of the larger colored red and takes the remaining 3/5 of the flag's length. In the center of contact between the two strips equidistant from the upper and lower edges of the Small coat of arms of Portugal, which is a gold armillary sphere, and on it heraldic shield. The diameter of the armillary sphere is ½ width of the flag. In the center of the sphere is vertically shield that in heraldic science is described as follows: "In a silver shield - five azure shield with five silver Besant on chervlёnoy fringe seven golden locks with triple towers, three of which are major."
Note: azure - blue, chervlёny - red, Besant - simple stamped figure representing a circle (sphere).
During the Republican Revolution October 5, 1910the monarchy was overthrown in Portugal. it became necessary to replace the former royal symbols, in particular blue and white royal flag at the flag to secure the success of the revolutionary
the new republican Portugal. This problem was so important for the newly baked authorities that already October 15 a special government commission was set up for the approval of the new flag. As the new colors red and green colors were chosen by the national flag of Portugal colors of the Republican Party, which were also the colors on the flags of the rebels, who raised 31 January 1891 uprising in g.Portu. At the same time as the main character, placed on the flag, the coat of arms was approved and Portugal, consisting of the armillary sphere and the heraldic shield.
For the first time the new flag was hoisted in Lisbon on the monument restorers December 1, 1910 to the 270 anniversary of the independence of Portugal.
The red color, which occupies most of the flag atDesigned to symbolize the blood of the heroes who gave their lives for the freedom of the homeland, but also the color of passion, struggle and courage, and at the same time the color of joy and optimism, beckoning forward to new achievements.
The green color is treated as the color of hope and faith in the future of the Portuguese people
Armillary sphere, as the most important astronomicaland a navigation device, had rendered a great service by Portuguese sailors in the era of great geographical discoveries, turning Portugal into a mighty sea power, and therefore rightfully earned the right to be considered one of the fundamental symbol of Portugal. No wonder she first portrayed on many flags of Portugal and its overseas colonies.
Portugal Heraldic shield throughouthistory of the country was represented at almost every national flag. It is vivid and memorable, and the history of its occurrence overgrown with legends, beautiful, but causing some concerns among scientists. But this does not prevent the heraldic shield over the centuries to be one of the oldest distinctive symbols of the country.