History of Yaroslavl. The base development, occurrence of Yaroslavl

History of Yaroslavl

Coat of arms of Yaroslavl

Coat of arms of Yaroslavl

The city of Yaroslavl is located on the high bankVolga, in its confluence with the river Kotorosl. In ancient times, this place was a settlement of Bear Corner. Lived in this village of the Finno-Ugric tribes and They gave a little later appeared and Slavs. Residents of the village worshiped the bear - the owner of the northern forests.

Location was very convenient settlement. According Kotorosl river could reach Rostov Veliky, a major center of ancient Russia. Prince Yaroslav the Wise, who ran Rostov, decided to found this place a small fortress, which took place in 1010. The legend about the foundation of Yaroslavl was the basis for the creation of the coat of arms with the image of a bear with a trident or ax.

For two centuries remained Yaroslavla small town located on the border of the Rostov-Suzdal land. But already in the beginning of XIII century, in the town there were stone churches, and opened the first in the northeast of Russia Church College, and later transferred to Rostov. In 1218 Yaroslavl became the capital of the Yaroslavl principality. In the middle of the XIII century Yaroslavl repeatedly suffered from the raids of the Mongols.

In the XIV century Yaroslavl princes entered into an alliance withMoscow, and soon the principality was incorporated into the Russian state. In the middle of the XVI century after the conquest of the Khanate of Kazan on the Volga trade brings big profit, and Yaroslavl became a major center of trade with the northern Kholmogorov and north-eastern lands merchants Stroganoff, rich furs and salt.

In the XVII century, during the Time of Troubles in Yaroslavlmost of the wooden buildings burned down. In the city of stone construction unfolds. In 1612, it came from Yaroslavl militia Minin and Pozharsky for the liberation of Moscow.

The seventeenth century - the golden age in the history of Yaroslavl. He becomes the second after Moscow for number of residents and stone churches. By this time in Yaroslavl already existed wonderful monuments like the Savior-Transfiguration Monastery, the Church of Elijah the Prophet and St. John the Baptist Church, Yaroslavl.

XVIII century was a difficult one for Yaroslavl. Peter I forbade trade through Arkhangelsk. In the city there is a reorganization. Commercial capital is directed to the creation of the industry. When Elizabeth - the daughter of Peter I - was founded in 1750 by the National Theatre, led by Russia's first FG Volkov.

Catherine II, after traveling along the Volga notedthat beautiful Russian city on the situation and bad for the building. Yaroslavl became the center of the province, headed by AP Melgunov. It approved a new regular plan of building the city, street straightened, highlighted the administrative and commercial areas of the city; while the old temples are not destroyed, but were exempted from the surrounding wooden buildings.

At the beginning of the XIX century was the governor of Yaroslavl, MN Golitsyn. It opened in the city of the first higher education institution - Demidov Lyceum. The city industry developed rapidly. In 1870 it was built the railway to Moscow. In 1913, it erected the first railway bridge across the Volga.

The beginning of XX century turned out to Yaroslavl is not verysuccessful. During the rebellion of the SR 1918 a significant part of the city center was destroyed. Injured temples, killed Demidov Lyceum building. In the 30 years a large number of churches were demolished. At the same time, there are industrial giants.

The Great Patriotic War accelerated the development ofheavy industry of Yaroslavl, but the constant bombardment damaged the city. After the war, the city built a new industrial enterprises and automobile bridge across the Volga. The construction of housing on the left bank of the city.

In 2010 in Yaroslavl has passed a holiday,dedicated to the millennium of the city. By this celebration the city was preparing for a long time, many cultural monuments have been renovated and restored. Ancient Yaroslavl on the Volga river is always happy and surprised by the beauty of its tourists and residents.

Photos of Yaroslavl

  • Coat of arms of Yaroslavl

    Coat of arms of Yaroslavl

  • The Battle of Mount Tugovaya 1257

    The Battle of Mount Tugovaya 1257

  • Yaroslavl arrow in the second half of the XIX century

    Yaroslavl arrow in the second half of the XIX century

  • Church of Elijah the Prophet

    Church of Elijah the Prophet

  • Transfiguration Monastery

    Transfiguration Monastery

  • Volkovsky Theatre

    Volkovsky Theatre

  • Volga Embankment

    Volga Embankment

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