The population of Switzerland. The population in Switzerland: features, density, composition

The Swiss population


The Swiss population

The Swiss population is over 7 million people.

National composition:

  • Germans;
  • French people;
  • Italians;
  • other nations (EU citizens and countries of former Yugoslavia).

Indigenous Peoples are SwitzerlandGerman-Swiss (they live in the central and eastern cantons of the country, and is used in speech Upper German dialects), Italian-Swiss (they settled in the southern cantons and speak Italian), Romansh (their habitats - the highlands of the Canton of Grisons and languages ​​spoken - Romansh, German and Italian) and the Franco-Swiss (they settled in western cantons and southern French dialect) used in speech.

In the 1st quarter.km is home to 180 people, but the most populated areas is the Swiss Plateau and the north-east of the country (population density - 250 persons per 1 sq km), while the least populated mountainous, eastern, central and southern part of Switzerland (exception - Canton Ticino) - here 1 square kilometers of 20-50 people.

The official languages ​​- German, Italian, Romansh and French.

Big cities: Zurich, Bern, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne, Lucerne, Davos, Fribourg.

Residents of Switzerland profess Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodoxy.

life expectancy

The Swiss are considered to be one of the most long-lived nations in the world: the average life expectancy is 82 years (the male population on average live to 81 years, and women - 85 years).

Excellent results are largely due to the fact that the state deducts $ 5,600 on health care per year for 1 person (it is above the European average).

The Swiss - champions at low levelobesity: overweight in the country suffers from only 8% of people. In addition, Switzerland significantly fewer people die from cancer, and cerebrovascular disease than in other countries. But, nevertheless, Switzerland - drinking and smoking country (1 inhabitant 1722 cigarettes per year).

Traditions and customs of the inhabitants of Switzerland

Swiss honor ancient traditions: they love to take part in competitions of ancient costumes, the competition among the singers, and the shooters, as well as look at the colorful procession of bearers.

Of particular importance in Switzerland has the cheese - itIt is not only a tradition, but also the soul of the country: it is open 600 dairies, which produce 450 varieties of cheese (a real Alpine cheese made in the mountains in the summer).

Summer - a very special time in Switzerland: at that time, every village, town, village and town celebrate their, special holidays. For example, the Francophone part of Switzerland celebrates Fete de Vendanges - feast of gratitude is accompanied by processions in honor of the harvest of the crop.

If the Swiss invite you to visit, Be punctual and gave the owners of the house a small gift.

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  • The Swiss population
  • The Swiss population

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