Coat of arms of Croatia
At first glance, the coat of arms of Croatia does not seemvery serious, as if he had come up with some fun chess fan. But if we dig deeper, we can see that the colors and symbols that adorn the main official symbol were known thousands of years ago. And it says a lot, first of all, the desire of the country not to forget the historical roots, demonstrate the connection of times and generations.
Chess - game winners
Indeed, the shield of modern CroatiaIt reminds the board for chess, but there is a difference in the colors, as used scarlet and silver color (in use red and white). Also, the number of squares is different from the board on which the pawn go and elephants.
On the other hand, the appearance of such colors are notaccident and is connected with the ancient board game. Described events took place in the tenth century. Svetoslav Suronya, King of Croatia was to play chess with Pietro II of, the Venetian doge.
At stake this unusual game stood cityDalmatia, the right to own that receives the winner. It is understood that prevailed in a game of chess Svetoslav, who portrayed his own coat of arms on a chessboard as a symbol of victory.
The history of the development of
Experts in the field of Croatian heraldryassured that with January 1, 1527, the coat of arms of the kingdom appeared in the form of a chessboard, and is represented by 64 cells, and were originally selected colors scarlet and silver.
When these territories were part of the greatAustro-Hungarian Empire, it did not lose the main symbol of the kingdom. But because Croatia has teamed up with Slavonia, the coat of arms and altered. The cells become smaller, the shield has received frame, the top was crowned with a golden crown with sapphires and rubies.
Independent State of Croatia,which existed from 1941 to 1945, again lost the crown, but has become a sign. He was in the form of a red (scarlet) triple ribbon weaving and forming a star. In the middle is depicted in the Latin letter «U» dark blue.
After the Second World War, not on theHe will joined the socialist camp Croatia got a new coat of arms. Due to the neutrality of the central symbol of the People's Republic of Croatia and the Socialist Republic of Croatia retained the red and white squares. However, they add other characters, like the rising sun, the sea, a red star and ears.
1991 returned the Independent State of Croatiahistorical coat of arms. Add stylized image of a crown consisting of five pieces, symbolizing Illyria, Dalmatia, Dubrovnik, Istria and Slavonia.