History of Seville
Sevilla Coat of Arms
Spanish Sevilla - the capital of the homonymous provinceand the autonomous community of Andalusia and the fourth most populous city in the country. Seville is located in southern Spain in the fertile valley of the Guadalquivir River and is today a major economic, industrial and cultural center, as well as one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe.
Foundation of the city
The exact date of Seville base significantlyunknown. Historians believe that the first settlement was called "slept" or "Spanish" and already existed in the period of the Phoenician colonization of the Iberian (Iberian) peninsula, and its first settlers were representatives tartesskoy culture. An old legend also has it that the city was founded by the famous Greek mythology hero Heracles.
In 206 BC during the Second Punic War, the city was conquered by the Romans and was called «Hispalis». In Roman times the city is actively developed as an important trading port and prospered. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city was repeatedly attacked, being ultimately controlled by the Vandals and Visigoths, and then, dominated the region in 6-7 centuries. In this period the city was called "slept" and was a major cultural center.
In 712, as a result of the Arab invasionIberian Peninsula the town was dominated by the Arab Caliphate and was renamed "Ishbilyu", from which subsequently was the modern name of the city - Sevilla. The Arabs dominated in Seville for almost five centuries, it certainly had a huge impact on its culture and architecture. Advantageously, this period also affected the city's economy.
In November 1248 after a long siege of SevilleIt was conquered by the armies of Ferdinand III of Castile. This royal residence was moved, and the city has received a number of privileges, including the right to vote in the Cortes (legislature). Despite a number of demographic and social upheaval (the outbreak of the plague, anti-Jewish uprising in 1391, etc.) Sevilla grew and developed both economically and culturally. Significant changes undergone in the city and the architectural appearance.
In 1492, Columbus, whose expedition generouslysponsored by the Spanish monarchs, discovered America, and already in 1503 in Seville was founded by the so-called "casa de contratación" or "House of Trade", controls the whole research and colonization activity of the Spanish Empire. Seville Port became a monopolist in matters of transoceanic trade, and the city - the commercial center of Spain. 16th century in the history of Seville is considered to be the "golden era" in the field of culture, art and architecture.
In the 17th century Seville's economy against the backgroundEuropean crisis and severe outbreaks of the plague, which killed nearly half the city's population (mid 17th century), began to decline sharply. All the more difficult due to the silting up and becoming navigating the Guadalquivir River, which eventually led to the transfer in 1717 "casa de contratación" Cadiz Port. Sevilla lost its influence and commercial value.
Global industrialization swept the 19thcentury, in fact the whole of Europe, not left on the sidelines and Seville. This period in the history of Seville marked by the construction of the railway, electrification, as well as large-scale urban development. Significant changes and modernization in the form of the construction of many new buildings, remodeling and expansion of urban streets and squares of the city has undergone in the course of preparation for the "Ibero-American International Exhibition" in 1929, preparations for which began in 1910.
From the first days of the Spanish Civil War(1936-1939) of Seville in fact become one of its major epicenters. WWII Sevilla survived relatively quiet, as Spain formally participate in it did not take. The post-war decades were marked by large-scale construction for the city, severe floods and underground trade union movement.
In 1992 Seville hosted two grandevent - the World exhibition and celebration of the 500th anniversary of the discovery of America. In connection with these events in Seville was held reconstruction of the airport, new roads were built, bridges, railway station, high-speed railway line in Madrid and a lot more.
- Sevilla Coat of Arms
- Seville View of the 16th century
- Seville Cathedral and the Giralda bell tower
- Seville Royal Alcazar palace
- Palace of San Telmo
- The building Archive of the Indies
- Torre del Oro - "Gold" Tower