Occupying third place in the world by area, ChinaThe People's Republic has a considerable length of coastline. China seas surrounding its shores - this East China, Yellow, South China and Korea Bay.
The opening of Marco Polo
The very first European to find themselves on the banksYellow Sea, was the Marco Polo. This sea got its name from the color of the water due to sediment of rivers flowing into it, and dust storms that add water uncharacteristic shade. Yellow Sea lies to the east and China is a semi-closed sea of the largest on the planet Ocean - the Pacific. It refers to the deepest and not maximally distant from the surface point is located at 106 meters. The water temperature in summer reaches the Yellow Sea and the south of 28 degrees and in the winter, and even in the North Sea freezes for a few weeks.
For residents of China is the sea is of great importance, as an object of fishery. It is rich in fish resources and provides annually thousands of tons of catch as cod and herring, as well as mussels and oysters.
And in the south?
If you look at a map, you can see whatChina Sea washes the south. This is the South China Sea, which is located in Hainan Island. It is here built numerous hotels and beach holiday on Hainan fans prefer oriental exotic and high quality service. The main resort of Sanya - center of international tourism zone, and in the capital of the island - Haikou are many entertainment and shopping complexes.
The water temperature in the South China Sea resortsIt ranges from 20 degrees in winter to 29 - in the summer months. salt concentration reaches 34%, which is approximately equal to this index in the Mediterranean Sea. The maximum depth of the reservoir - more than 5.5 kilometers.
For objectivity's sake it is worth noting that when asked what the sea in China, some geographers list, among others, and the Taiwan Strait:
- It connects the two seas - the South China and East China.
- Its minimum width is 130 kilometers.
- The strait separates the island from the mainland by the same name.
- For strait is characterized by a high degree of tidal effects and the difference in the position of the water's edge at high tide and low tide can be up to seven meters.
The Chinese government has decided to buildunderwater tunnel under the Taiwan Strait. Its extent is not yet known, but it is estimated that it could reach up to 200 kilometers. In any case, the railway tunnel will be the longest in the world among similar underwater tunnels.