Coat of arms of Iceland
Iceland Coat of Arms was no product of modern times,although it appeared in 1944 simultaneously with the emergence of the Republic of Iceland. On the contrary, the main emblem of Iceland to continue the tradition of the ancient representations of Icelanders on their country and culture. In 1919 the royal coat of arms in the form of a falcon on a blue field, was replaced by a new, depicting a shield holders and spirits. Since Iceland at that time remained a kingdom, the top shield crowned royal crown.
Modern Icelandic emblem resembles in many waysRoyal in 1919. In 1944 it was decided to leave the coat of arms of the Republic of Iceland was royal, but with some changes. First of all, the crown has been removed, crowning the top of the board; It has also changed the style of the holders of spirits; In addition, the developers changed the character base coat of arms.
Now, the main element of the coat of arms of IcelandIt is a shield azure color. It depicts a silver Latin cross, inside which there is another red cross. The main feature of this emblem is perfume-holders. There are four and each of them is associated with a particular part of the island of Iceland.
- Bull - the patron of the south-western lands;
- Grief - the patron of the Northwest Territories;
- Dragon - the owner of the north-eastern lands;
- Giant - Prince southeastern possessions.
Each of the guardian spirits looking away their lands. The whole structure supports the foundation stone of columnar basalt.
Icelandic coat of arms, representing holders of spirits ina fairy-tale characters, takes us to the era of the Vikings and sagas. Rather, it captures the history Heymskringliyskoy saga that tells about the world's perception of the Icelander, who lived in the XII century. At this time, there was no current state in Iceland, but lasted the epoch of military democracy. Island Iceland has always been interesting to the invaders, and wished him to win, and the Danish King Harald Sinezubov.
Wishing to implement his plan, Harald sent toIceland his sorcerer, who was supposed to find out how the easiest to capture the island. When he tried to land on the eastern shores, it was forced to flee because of the terrible dragon. On the northern shore, he was forced to flee from a giant eagle, and in the west a sorcerer could not do anything against a giant bull. Southern Lands protected persons gigantic growth, so here sorcerer failed. Since then, these characters were considered to be spirits-protectors of Icelandic land.