The largest country on the planet that does not haveOutput in the world's oceans - is the Republic of Kazakhstan. Its location in the middle of the Eurasian continent does not allow external seas wash the shores of the country, but there are internal sea of Kazakhstan. The list only two objects - the Caspian and Aral, and both the sea are unique geographic features.
The correct answer to the question of what in the seaKazakhstan is the definition of "lake". It is to this type of reservoirs, strictly speaking, relate and the Caspian and Aral. Caspian Sea in Kazakhstan has a fairly long coastline. It stretches over 2,300 kilometers, while the local Caspian Sea is rich in oil sector is not less than the sea in Azerbaijan. The surface area of the largest salt lake in the world is more than 370 thousand sq. M. km and its maximum depth at some points exceeds one kilometer. The water level in the Caspian Sea is highly variable, and scientists say it significant changes over the last hundred years.
It may be that the question of what the seawashes Kazakhstan in the south-west, it will soon be impossible to answer. Unfortunately, the Aral Sea over the past fifty years dries so quickly that there is only in old photographs and paintings by local artists. Closed lake on the border with Uzbekistan, is powered by the water of the rivers, the largest of which are the Amu Darya and Syr Darya. As a result of human activity, these rivers in recent years, subjected to the enhanced water withdrawal, and because the level of water in the Aral Sea has become a critical decline.
- More than 20 mln. Years ago the Aral Sea was connected with the Caspian.
- In the 80s of the last century due to the shallowing of the Aral collapsed into two isolated lake - North and South. The northern part is smaller in size, and the South - more.
- Before the Aral Sea began to lose its water level, it was the fourth largest among the world's lakes.
- Projects restore the Aral Sea levelrequire large economic costs and may lead to serious consequences for the ecological situation in the Siberian region, as they are based on the idea of transferring water from the Ob River basin.
project is being implemented in recent years,Regulation of the Syrdarya river bed, thus succeeded in increasing the water level of the North Aral Sea. Design and construction of hydraulic structures to revive the sea of Kazakhstan continues.
A delightful video about Kazakhstan!