Valletta - the capital of Malta
In the Mediterranean, there is a tiny state,consisting of several islands. "Asylum" - this means that the country's name is translated from the ancient Phoenician language. The capital of Malta, Valletta, has a population of 5500 people. The city was founded in the fifteenth century knight who protected the village from the Turkish attacks.
The city's attractions
The rich history of the city has left behind amazing structures. Many tourists come here not for the Mediterranean climate, namely attractions.
St John's Cathedral - CathedralMaltese diocese. It was built in 5 years in the second half of the sixteenth century. Because of the constant sieges of Malta, the cathedral was built in such a way that resembles a fortification - a formidable and unapproachable outside, but inside the luxurious and beautiful. The interior of the temple is decorated with the painting "The Beheading of John the Baptist" - a masterpiece by Caravaggio. This is the only work of art in which the author left his signature.
Casa Rocca Piccola - one of the most beautiful palaces in Valletta. It is noteworthy that the structure is still home to a local noble family. For a long time, the palace can be rented.
The history of city development
According to historical records, during themany centuries Malta was ruled by many states. In the seventh century BC ruled the Greeks, Phoenicians later. The Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Normans - all of them at different times saw themselves as full-fledged masters of the islands.
Its history begins with the fact that Jean de LaValletta, commanding a small group of Maltese Knights defeated the Turkish army. After a bloody battle Knight decided to build a well-fortified city. Since the first stone of the walls of Valletta was laid. Local Christians and the whole Catholic world was isolated by generous donations, which allowed quick to erect the main building.
The city was built in the best traditionEuropean urban planning. All the streets and houses are arranged in such a way that the sea breeze penetrated almost every gateway, thus clearing the air. Since 1570 the city began to build churches and palaces. Promote trade, arts and crafts.
At the beginning of the nineteenth century came under Vallettathe power of England, where he remained until 1974, when the Republic of Malta gained independence. During the Second World War, the state was subjected to bombardment by the German air force. The capital was almost completely destroyed, but over the years the building was restored and Valletta once again flourished.