Part of the art and culture of the KingdomThe Netherlands is its architecture, the formation of which started in X-XI centuries, and actively continued until the end of the second millennium. On the territory of the most widely Dutch Gothic style, which holds the vast majority of significant monuments of Dutch architecture.
One of the most outstanding achievements of architectureHolland called Amsterdam's canals, forming a unique water and transport system. They began to appear on the map of the capital of the kingdom in the XV century, when it was dug Singel, Amsterdam limits the west. In the XVII century the construction of the network, which includes hundreds of kilometers of artificial rivers and more than a thousand bridges, was completed. Ninety newly formed islands allowed the city to receive the title of Venice of the North.
Four half rings surround channels are the Singel,Keizersgracht, Prinsengracht and the Herengracht Amsterdam, drawing his magic power, millions of curious travelers. Unique Amsterdam canals is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage as an example of an old hydraulic and architectural art.
One, but ardent passion ...
A huge number of architecturalHolland attractions built in the Gothic style. This trend in the design and decoration of buildings was typical for Europe, XIII-XVI centuries. Gothic castle turned ridderzaal in The Hague, where the monarch turns to subjects with solemn speeches and the church Oude Kerk in Amsterdam, which is considered the oldest structure of the capital.
The southern regions were in the power of "FlamboyantGothic "- the direction of architecture in Holland, Belgium and northern Italy, which is characterized by designs like flames most striking example of this style -. Town Hall in the city of Middelburg.
The revival of a new life
The Renaissance gave the famous DutchVleeshal in Haarlem, the tradition of brick, bay windows on the facades and the overall impression of the quality factor. The construction of canals in Amsterdam led to a typical building of its banks, which is a three or four-storey building, which is closely adjacent to each other, a rather narrow facades and Renaissance architectural motifs in the decoration.
The modern look of some cities in The Netherlandsalso largely determines the architecture. For example, Rotterdam is often called the architectural highlight of the country, keeping in mind the desperate confusion of styles and variety of forms of construction.