Dutch cheese, Amsterdam with hundreds of channels,thousands of varieties of tulips, fields that appear from the aircraft as a motley patchwork quilt. What else do we know about this country, which annually goes to the tourist trip army Russian travelers?
Let's start with the fact that the country of Holland ... does not exist. Officially, the state with its capital in Amsterdam called the Kingdom of the Netherlands, and the Netherlands - it is rather a tourist brand, middle name better known and pleasant hearing. It happened from the name of the same name two provinces - North and South - the most influential in the economic, political and tourist sense.
Look at the map
Today the Netherlands are located in the WestEurope and the border with Belgium and Germany. The country has access to the North Sea and the coastline stretches over 450 km. The area of the kingdom is about 42 thousand sq. M. km, and a part of the country, in addition to European territories, there are also overseas possessions, inherited from the times of the colonial campaigns. This island of Aruba, Curaçao and St Maarten in the Caribbean. Islands have a special status, and with them the country is the Kingdom of the Netherlands with capital Amsterdam.
It was there that the king pronounces the traditional oathallegiance to the subject, however, to this capital city's role on the Amstel River and ends. The residence of the royal family, the government and parliament have long moved to The Hague, which is preferred, and most of the foreign powers for the location of their diplomatic missions. So with the capital in the Netherlands about the same not very common situation, and that the name of the state.
Due to the Emperor Peter
In Russian, the name stuck Netherlandsafter the Kingdom on an official visit and informative visited Tsar Peter I. Together with the most advanced minds of that time the king visited the exact part of the country, which was called the Netherlands. In these provinces, industry and shipbuilding were the most developed, and thus the land of particular interest to Peter I. After returning home, the royal entourage was talking about the country, calling it Holland, whence began the geographical confusion, we have inherited.
- Holland and all residents of the Kingdom of the Netherlands - the highest on earth. Average growth of men is greater than 180 cm and women - 170 cm.
- Netherlands first legalized same-sex marriage.
- Area hothouse farms kingdom is not less than 15 thousand. Ha and is the largest in the world. More than half of the greenhouses for growing flowers given.