Culture of Tajikistan
Cultural and historical traditions in Tajikistanhave centuries-old roots. In this land lived a variety of peoples and nations, each of which has left its mark on the culture of Tajikistan. Some historical and architectural monuments are highly appreciated by experts, and the ancient settlement Sarazm UNESCO has classified the lists of World Cultural Heritage.
Sarazm was founded at least two millenniaBC, although some historians are inclined to believe that the first people settled here six thousand years ago. Religious buildings and palaces, houses and public buildings Sarazm well preserved and give an idea of how ancient people lived in these places.
The ancient language of Dari, which for many centuriessaid local residents - an important part of culture of Tajikistan. He was nearly destroyed by Arab conquerors, but true patriots kept the language basics and allowed him to be reborn. Dari real masterpieces were written in classical Tajik literature, folk songs and even scholarly works.
The ruling in the IX-X centuries, the dynasty of the Samanids notOnly by combining all the land of Tajiks, but also promoted the development of culture in Tajikistan. During these years, the best built mosques were built palaces, tombs, houses for the nobility.
To get acquainted with the culture of Tajikistan, it is necessary to pass on the ancient caravan route, which once ran the Great Silk Road. Old road connecting the East with the West and the most
its important sights are now old city Khujand and Kulyab, Khorog and Kurgan-Tube.
In the city of Panjakent, archaeologists discoveredsettlement of the V century, excavations are allowed to open a new formation in the history of Tajikistan. Perfectly preserved monument of XII century, Muhammad Bashoro mausoleum erected by builders in a mountain gorge near Zarafshan range.
Fans of history
The best way to discover the history andTajik culture - visit the National Museum of Antiquities in the capital. Here you can see the locals clothes and musical instruments, ancient books in Dari and artifacts found by archaeologists during excavations of ancient settlements. The main value of the exposure - the twelve-figure of Buddha, discovered during surveys near the city of Kurgan-Tube. Statue of a nominee status to be enrolled in the UNESCO World Heritage List.