Coast of Ireland and Great Britain is washed by waterIrish Sea. It belongs to the Atlantic Ocean basin. Map Irish Sea shows its bays. Wigtown, Luz, Morecambe, Solway Firth, Strangford Lough, Liverpool, Dublin and other St George's Channel combines the pond with the Celtic Sea. North Channel connects the reservoir with the Atlantic.
The larger islands in the waters - Anglesey and the Isle of Man. Small island -. Walney, Holyhead, etc. Along the coast there are many tiny coves and bays. Irish Sea covers an area of approximately 47 thousand square meters. km. Its average depth is about 43 m of the deepest point -. 197 m At the straits width of the reservoir is 240 km and the length of -. 210 km. The northeastern part of the island of Ireland is different lots of capes. Not far from Belfast located basalt formations that make the landscape very picturesque.
History of Sea Education
Irish Sea came on sushi place around 1.6mln. years ago. Earlier it was a part of the water area of the continent of Europe. In ancient times, the water of the sea scoured the Celts and Vikings. On its shores there were sites and settlements. Currently, on the coast of the Irish Sea, as before, is well developed fishing. However, the environmental situation in the waters is considered poor. Irish Sea got into the list of the most radioactively contaminated natural objects in the world in 2001. The main reason for this - the work of the British nuclear complex, Sellafield. Through the activities of Greenpeace complex was shut down in 2003
In the sea area permanently fixed westernwind. Winter storms often occur here. The air in the winter months, has an average temperature of about 5 degrees. In summer it warms up to 15 degrees. The water temperature in winter is equal to 7 degrees in the summer - about 15 degrees. Sea water has a salinity of 32 - 34.8 ppm. In the Irish Sea mild winter.
The lowest temperature observed in the coastalareas in January and February. For example, sometimes in Dublin air has a temperature of -16 degrees. Winter weather cloudy and unstable, with frequent fogs and rains. In summer, the region is cool, cloudy and damp. Sunny days are not enough. In July and August are very warm days when the air is heated to 27 degrees.
The value of the Irish Sea
The largest British port of Liverpool is oneast coast. Out in the sea through the Manchester Ship Canal is Manchester. The port city of Dublin located on the west bank. This port is critical for Ireland. Major ports are important for fisheries:. Fleetwood, Portavogi, Ardgrass, Kilkeel, Skerries, Dun Laoghaire, and others are commercial fish sprat, herring, whiting, cod, anchovies, plaice.