For readers who have already visited the RedGlade, this article is nothing new. But if you have just begun to be interested in the Russian Courchevel, then most likely your head is spinning. Diving into all these names, you will not immediately figure out what to do with the run. Krasnaya Polyana, Estosadok, Rosa Khutor, Gorky Gorod, Gazprom, Alpika-Service - what the fuck is that? Is it resorts or villages? Are these areas of one village or independent settlements? Why do they write everywhere that they belong to the mountain cluster? And what the hell, in general is this - this mountain cluster? And what about the Olympic Village and the Mountain Carousel?
The content of the article
- 1 A little history
- 2 Krasnaya Polyana
- 3 Estosadok
- 4 Results of the investigation
- 5 Map of Krasnaya Polyana and resorts
A little history
Krasnaya Polyana is a town thatall consider the largest Russian ski resort. In fact, Krasnaya Polyana is an ordinary urban village, next to which there is a smaller village - Estosadok. And now Estosadku already includes all the ski resorts whose names you could meet: Rosa Khutor, Gorki Gorod, Gazprom, Alpika-Service and Gornaya Karusel.
It's not that hard if you know a little history.this location. The first to appear here was Krasnaya Polyana, or rather the aul of one Abkhazian mountain tribe, the first mention of which occurs in 1835. In 1864, the end of the Caucasian War was marked here, and the village was named Romanovsky. In 1878, the Greeks moved here and called the place Krasnaya Polyana. In 1950, Krasnaya Polyana received the status of a urban settlement - urban-type settlement. Remember? Krasnaya Polyana is a village, and it is also the administrative center of the Krasnaya Polyana village district. What else is included in this village district? The villages of Estosadok, Medoveevka, Kepsha and Chvizhepse.
Estosadok was founded by 36 Estonian families in 1886.year, who arrived in Krasnaya Polyana, agreed with the Greek elders on living together in neighboring lands and moved to the terrace, upstream the Mzymta River. Before the Estonians, Ubykhis and Sadzians used to live here, representatives of ancient mountain peoples who were forcibly evicted into the Ottoman Empire. Estonians brought with them the farming culture and apple seedlings, thanks to which the village turned into a garden every spring, and it was the apple orchards that gave the reason to solemnly name the village Esto Sadok in 1912. Remember? The village of Estosadok is a settlement that is part of the Krasnaya Polyana village district.
Total on the territory of Krasnaya Polyana settlementwe have a district: PGT Krasnaya Polyana, the village of Estosadok and three more small villages that are irrelevant. Well, you say, but what is Rosa Khutor, Gorky Gorod, Gazprom, Alpika-Service? After all, it is there that the main ski and snowboard get-together of the Russian Federation is located, and people in the winter tend to get there. Where is all this? You are now surprised guys, but all this - Estosadok. Rosa, Gorki, Gazprom (aka Laura) and Alpika are the infrastructure facilities of Estosadk. Do not believe me - Yandex Maps will help you. Write "Estosadok" in the search and enjoy the outline of the village on the map, and while I sign for these locations a little more.
Krasnaya Polyana is a large village on the terraceunder the mountain Achishkho. In the southeast, the village rests on the Mzymta River, behind which the railway was built, and then - the Aibga range. Krasnaya Polyana has the form of a not very smooth triangle, the basis of which we consider the Street of the Defenders of the Caucasus, and the height of the Reserve Street. Krasnaya Polyana is not a resort area and not a center of a party, but an ordinary settlement with the infrastructure of an ordinary settlement, some thousands in the open spaces of the Russian Federation. The church, the cemetery, a couple of large supermarkets, the conditional center, where the density of shops and cafes is especially elevated, but otherwise is just an array of residential buildings. Somewhere richer, somewhere poorer, well, in some places built high-rise hotels.
Krasnaya Polyana does not have ski lifts, but youYou can easily find here a number of proposals for mountain tourism in winter and summer, and also, along the road, there are car hire stations. By the way, the prices for equipment are much lower here than in rentals near the lifts of Gorka Gorod or Roza, though it’s too far to hang around with them. Krasnaya Polyana is chosen as a quiet place to stay on vacation, especially in summer, because compared to Adler and Sochi, there are adequate prices for hotels, houses and apartments. To the sea from Krasnaya Polyana about 38 km, this is about half an hour by car on a drop dead highway.
Estosadkom is more difficult to understand, but II will try to explain everything on my fingers. Estosadok itself is a very green, nice residential community, which is located between Estonian Street and the steep slope of the mountains. Low houses (although, in some places, high-rise buildings have already started to be built), narrow streets, private houses with fences, bullshit dogs, Pyaterochka-Magnets and other attributes of an ordinary village, with little emphasis on involvement in the resort area. It is nice to walk here, there is even some kind of sidewalk, very quiet, and the back street under the mountain is often not cleaned. In places there are vacant lots, fenced under construction, and most likely, over time, there will be a continuation of Gorki Gorod.
To the infrastructure of the historical village of Estosadok, in different years new elements were added:
- Gorky Gorod - an all-season resort town and gambling zone
- Mountain Carousel - ski resort
- Russian Gorki - ski jumping complex
- Gazprom is a mountain tourist center, in the people "Laura"
- Alpika-Service - ski resort
- Rosa Khutor - ski resort
Mountain Carousel and Russian Hills
Mountain-skiing complex Carousel was builtby 2008, long before the Olympics came here. The objects of the complex are located on four levels of the northern slope of the Aibga range from 570 m above sea level to the Black Pyramid at an altitude of 2 375 m. and the first lifts. Next you will find a network of cableways, edalni, rolling points, and a fairly large town at an altitude of 960 meters.
Ski jumping complex from RussianGorki is located at the very beginning of the village of Estosadok (if traveling from the direction of Sochi) near the Esto-Sadok railway station of the same name. Despite the fact that, in fact, this complex stands alone, apart from the main cluster of objects of the Mountainous Carousel, the Russky Gorki is part of the mountain-skiing complex Mountain Carousel. It is equipped with two jumps and trail for the double selection, whatever that means. I myself did not get to this location, so I don’t have pictures from there.
Gorky City is located on the opposite ofEstosadka side of the Estonian street. If you arrive at Estosadok along the New Krasnaya Polyana Highway, then an interesting picture awaits you at the entrance. The main road goes slightly to the left, and from there you can only turn left to the residential area. And with your car on the territory of the resort city can only be accessed through the gate with turnstiles. Moving pedestrians between the village and the resort town is not limited by anything except a small number of pedestrian crossings: only three. With local traffic and the width of the roadway, I would say that this is very insufficient.
Built in 2010 on the territoryMountain Carousel, Gorki Gorod became a kind of local Arbat. In fact, this is just one street stretching parallel to the Mzymta River, around which beautiful high-rise buildings, huge squares with alleys and fountains, a casino, several large hotels, including Sochi Marriott Krasnaya Polyana, have been built. Lots of cafes and restaurants of different price levels, a local bazaar, a large shopping and entertainment center Gorky Gorod Mall and a lot of parking space, both ground and underground. Here, as well as at the entrance to each mountain-ski complex, hangs a large scoreboard with the designation of free parking spaces.
Alpika-Service was the very first large-scaleconstruction site, from the time of the Soviet Union, aimed at the development of a ski resort. They were built for a long time: they laid the antediluvic double cable car from 1993 to 2001, and in 2005 they opened the modern four-seater cable car. Then, as it happens in the Russian Federation, the debate suddenly began between the private owners of Alpika and the state, represented by the governor of Krasnodar Region. From 2006 to 2007, the complex first opened, then closed, and the war ended with the fact that in 2008 Gazprom bought it for ridiculous $ 15 million.
Mining and tourist center of JSC "Gazprom"starts at the foot of the Psehako range. From 2000 to 2013 there appeared lifts, parking lots, bus stops, walking area, outdoor pools, a cinema and a huge shopping and entertainment center Galaktika with a water park inside. On the lifts you can reach the Laura ski and biathlon complex (1,430 m) and hotels of the former Olympic Village. It was built specifically for the Olympics, for the placement of athletes, in addition to the same Olympic village on the adjacent slope, but this is the story of Rosa Khutor. That is why Gazprom is often called Laura - these are two objects in one location.
The ski complex Rosa Khutor is consideredRussia's largest ski resort. The Roses facilities are located on the slopes of the Aibga ridge from the very bottom (570 m above sea level) to Rosa Peak at an altitude of 2,320 m and the Kamenny Pillar at an altitude of 2,509 m. The complex began operations in 2010. The lower part of the Rosa Khutor is a puppet town with neat beautiful buildings, which at the same time resembles Amsterdam and the old center of Moscow. According to the builder, when creating the town, many nuances were taken into account and a “green” ecological approach was applied: they planted trees instead of felled, relocated some rare lizards and butterflies, and even revived the population of some special cheetahs.
I do not know what is true of this, but as far as Iunderstood, after the Olympics, all this infrastructure was not transferred to the Caucasian Reserve (and the place of construction belongs to his area of responsibility). Salvage conquers all. But let's not talk about sad things - the town turned out to be extremely cute and atmospheric. Mzymta was shackled into concrete and tile, four bridges were thrown across the river, one of which comes out right next to the railway station Krasnaya Polyana. The name of the station, I believe, also contributed to the general confusion with the names and disorienting many resort newbies. The buildings along the waterfront are located hotels, restaurants and boutiques. A walk on both sides of the river turns out to be short, but saturated with impressions and pictures.
Rosa Khutor also applies tothe cultural and ethnographic center “My Russia”, which was built a little upstream from Mzymta, immediately after the huge mourning massif of Rosa Hall - the concert hall, which was unusually dumb. At an altitude of 960 meters from the ski complex Rosa Khutor has its own Olympic Village - a large hotel complex, located in several tiers. Hotels, shops, entertainment facilities, rentals and lifts, as well as large areas for parking. Yes, here you can drive in your car, though the road has gotten heavily in places, and you still need to take into account that the Alpine highway is a particular serpentine road.
Rosa Khutor Valley
Olympic Village Rosa Khutor
Results of the investigation
The village of Krasnaya Polyana, which is often on the InternetIt appears as the main settlement where you allegedly find a steep ski resort - it has a very mediocre relationship to skis. Apparently, this toponym was used to simplify journalists and travel agencies. Nevertheless, Krasnaya Polyana is the center, whatever one may say. Administrative, true, but - the center. And Estosadok is a huge area of several ski resorts, which are administratively attached to the old Estonian village. All other toponyms are either the names of the complexes, or the names of the objects in the complexes. And all together they make up the mountain cluster of Olympic objects (there is also a coastal cluster, it is located in Adler). If you have comments on the findings or some questions - I am waiting for them in the comments.
Map of Krasnaya Polyana and resorts
Summer and winter activities of Krasnaya Polyana
Summer and winter activities of Krasnaya Polyana: