One of the largest and most beautiful cities in the Czech Republicits capital is Prague (Prague), located on both banks of the Vltava River. I have already visited it several times and am still going to, since I constantly find something new and interesting for myself.
The content of the article
- 1 Author's excursions
- 2 The main sights of Prague
- 2.1 Prague Castle
- 2.2 The Charles Bridge
- 2.3 St. Vitus Cathedral
- 2.4 Old Town Square
- 2.5 Old Town Hall
- 2.6 Vysehrad
- 2.7 Petrin Hill and the Eiffel Tower in Prague
- 2.8 Prague Zoo
- 2.9 Strahov Monastery
- 2.10 Josefov quarter
- 2.11 Dancing House
- 2.12 National Theater
- 2.13 Krzhizhkov fountains
- 2.14 John Lennon Wall
- 2.15 Leten Gardens and Prague Metronome
- 3 Other sights of Prague
- 3.1 Wenceslas Square
- 3.2 Sea World Aquarium in Prague
- 3.3 Tyn Church
- 3.4 Kampa Island
- 3.5 Mala Strana
- 3.6 Prague Loreta
- 3.7 Powder tower
- 3.8 Zlata Lane
- 3.9 Lego Museum
- 3.10 Toy Museum
- 3.11 Havelsky market
- 3.12 Charles Square
- 3.13 Kafka Museum
- 3.14 Church of St. Ludmila
- 3.15 Old Royal Palace
- 3.16 Hradchany
- 3.17 Old castle staircase
- 4 On the map
For those who want to save preparation timeto travel and fully immerse yourself in the atmosphere and history of the city, I recommend using the services of an individual guide in Prague. In my opinion, individual excursions are much more interesting than organized excursions with their large number of people in a group, monotonous guide-announcer and hackneyed program.
Moreover, with a private guide you can alwaysarrange for a walk at a convenient time for you, and adjust the tour along the way. Below I post a selection of high-quality copyright tours. Look, you will love one of the options. And above all, pay attention to the excursion "How to understand Prague" and "Yards and gates of the Old City".
I especially liked the second one because I like something such hidden from tourist crowds.
Tours in Prague
The main sights of Prague
In this post I tried to collect moreattractions for those who have come for a long time or have already been several times in Prague. Most of them I traveled myself, took a small part of the reviews. Now you have a large selection of things to do. All sights with name, description and photo. Those who need the most basic sights, click on the button below.
It is considered the largest preserved castle inthe whole world. Due to its size, Prague Castle looks like a very small town. Some of the premises and objects were defined as cultural values and museums with collections of treasures were arranged in them, and some got a more prosaic fate - to be office premises.
Inside the castle there are several buildings that themselveson their own are the top sights of Prague, which will take a lot of time to inspect. Coming to Prague, you need to be prepared for the fact that here every two steps there is something important, historic, valuable or beautiful. Run fast will not work. More about attractions.
The Charles Bridge
First of all, you need to select it.distinctive symbols - stone bridges, of which there are 18 pieces in the city, thrown from one bank of the Vltava to another and, above all, the Charles Bridge - the embodiment of medieval architecture. Required to visit in any weather, and in any mood.
With the sun, or into the fog, during the rain or in the winter, this place deserves its half hour for a walk and photography. Cult landmark. If you have not seen the Charles Bridge, you have not seen Prague. More about attractions.
St. Vitus Cathedral
A prime example of Gothic art isSt. Vitus Cathedral, the construction of which lasted almost six centuries in a row. This cathedral is part of Prague Castle (according to the Guinness Book of Records, the largest in the world). Today plays the role of the residence of the Prague Archbishop. Also, regalia for coronation are kept here. The cathedral is very popular with tourists and consistently occupies the top lines of attendance. More about attractions.
Old Town Square
Old Town Square is one of the mainattractions of Prague, which is definitely worth seeing live. It is considered the main square of Prague, where it was always lively and noisy, starting as early as the 11th century, when the square was famous throughout Europe.
On the Old Town Square is the mass of institutionsentertainment, pubs, historic buildings, cafeterias and galleries, as well as one of the main tourist attractions - the astronomical clock on the tower of the Old Town Hall. More about attractions.
Old Town Hall
The old town hall was built in 1338 (Rusat that time it was still under the Mongol-Tatar yoke), it was gradually rebuilt over time, and in one of the towers of the Town Hall in 1410 an astronomical clock was installed, or as they are called: "Prague Astronomical Clock". The clock is considered a very complex mechanism of that time and every day, every hour from 9 to 21 o'clock entertain tourists with a short presentation of the figures on the tower. More about attractions.
Vyshegrad, in scale and scope, onlyslightly inferior to Prague Castle. The castle on the hill above the Vltava, built back in the 10th century, contains a lot of interesting and historically significant objects, which will take more than one hour to look at.
Vysehrad is located on the outskirts of Prague and therefore does notsuffers so much from crowds - this is one of the bonuses for those who manage to get out of the epicenter of Prague's beauties. The place is interesting, impressive, and very atmospheric.
Petrin Hill and the Eiffel Tower in Prague
Petrin Hill - a huge park in Prague, and noton the outskirts of the city, and closer to its central part. Once here, a stone was mined to build a city, but now there is an apple-pear garden in which it is permitted to gather fruit during the season. You can climb the hill with the help of a funicular, and from its height there is an excellent panoramic view of Prague.
The truth for this still need to climb a copy of the Eiffel Tower, which is built on top of a hill. More about attractions.
Built in the Troy hollow, the zoo passedlong development from a private zoo in the 16th century, to world-class attractions, included in the top 10 zoos in the world. From 1931 to the present, the zoo had only two truly serious disasters in development.
World War II and the largest flood in2002, after which the zoo had to be rebuilt virtually from scratch. The place is very fascinating, worthy of at least one visit and, in principle, perfectly diversifies family holidays with children. More about attractions.
The monastery in Hradcany functioned approximately from1143, when “white canons” appeared in it (representatives of the Roman Catholic order, which was organized in France). Now he is considered one of the oldest monasteries of the monks-premonstrants, and they had about 1300 monasteries.
During the reign of Joseph II a little monasteryit was not closed, like a number of others who failed to justify their usefulness to society. The public library in the walls of the monastery saved him from closing and still surprises the modern tourist with its beauty.
A very old part of the city that keeps historyand the first Jewish settlers in Prague, and the remnants of the ghettos of the Second World War. The quarter is named after Emperor Joseph II, whose reforms greatly simplified and improved the lives of Jews, who were not particularly friendly in the rest of Europe at that time.
There are several synagogues in the area, the oldcemetery and other historically significant objects. The place is interesting for its atmosphere and if you arm yourself with an intelligent guide through history, you can usefully spend time walking around the quarter.
Along with the historical monuments safelyadjacent to a unique structure, made in the style of deconstructivism - "Dancing House". This masterpiece of modern art was erected on the site of a neo-classical building, but destroyed during the American bombardment. Amazing, strange, but very photogenic sample of architectural genius. More about attractions.
Prague National Theater is considered the mostmajor in the Czech Republic. Opened in June 1881, and a month later it suffered from a strong fire, after which all the people of the Czech Republic raised funds for restoration - it is the unity of the nation that is expressed in the inscription above the scene "Nation - yourself." A very spectacular building with rich gilded interior is the pride of Prague and the whole of the Czech Republic.
Unusual illuminated fountain that is built inthe end of the 19th century, under the leadership of the Czech inventor and engineer, František Krzek. At that time, this fountain created a sensation among the inhabitants of Prague, as something unusual and incredibly futuristic. Now you can’t surprise anyone with dancing and singing fountains, but the Křižkov fountains are a rare exceptional case.
John Lennon Wall
Something similar you could see on the Old Arbat inMoscow But unlike the Moscow lane, where there is little space, dirty and dirty unclean punks, it’s pleasant to walk around the Prague Wall of Lennon. The wall is located opposite the French Embassy in the Great Square.
A typical street art sample, a cult place for Beatles fans, is dirty under the wall itself. On the street near the wall you can often see street musicians, artists and magicians. More about attractions.
Leten Gardens and Prague Metronome
The Leten (Air) Gardens of Prague is one of the mostlarge gardens in the city, the area of which is about 25 hectares. Invariably attracts crowds of tourists with its charm and silence. A separate landmark was built in the middle of the garden - the Havana Pavilion, a building with an abundance of forged parts and complex ornamentation.
There is also the Brussels Pavilion - thereyear-round exhibitions of contemporary art. One of the examples of this art was the Prague metronome - not the most beloved structure of Prague. A twenty-meter piece of iron towers over a viewing platform overlooking the Vltava, at the site of the former monument to Stalin. More about attractions.
Other sights of Prague
Wenceslas Square is a historical anda cultural landmark of Prague, he previously played the role of the Horse Market, later it was the square for gathering people in honor of famous people or for meeting political parties.
Important historical events are associated with the square.Czech Republic, although if you look at it without reference to politics, then Wenceslas Square is a beautiful place in itself. The square has the appearance of a wide boulevard, which lies slightly on a slope and in its upper part stands a statue of St. Wenceslas. More about attractions.
Sea World Aquarium in Prague
This is not a historically significant place, butthe number of requests in the network and the number of visits, we can safely conclude that the Prague Oceanarium is one of the top sights of the city. Very interesting and beautifully designed place with various representatives of the marine world, focused on all age groups, a real family vacation. And it is very useful when children get tired of looking at towers and bridges.
Tyn Church or the Church of the Virgin Mary before Tyn -still functioning church, with a distinctive gothic style and baroque elements in the exterior. It was built on a large scale and very long: from 1339 to 1551, after which the church acquired the status of the main Hussite temple.
Badly damaged in a fire in 1679, due towhich has undergone several major changes. The remains of several dozens of people are buried in the temple, among which there are both unknown and eminent persons.
Kampa Island is located near CharlesThe bridge, between the Vltava River and the Chertovka Creek. The stream is man-made and very old: it was dug in the 12th century, especially so that it rotated the mill wheel of one of the many mills at that time on the island. During the Middle Ages, the entire island was covered with gardens, but only one English park on the southern edge of Kampa reached our days. Surprisingly cozy place for hiking.
Starting from the 13th century and up to the First World WarWar, in the Lesser Country lived exclusively Germans and this territory was not considered part of the Czech Prague. Here you will find a high concentration of buildings of baroque architecture.
It is in the Small Country that most are located.all the palaces of Prague (and the total number of Prague palaces - 55). One of those neighborhoods where you need to plan a lot of time for research is sights at every turn.
In the Italian city of Loreto stands one ofThe greatest Christian shrines are the Basilica of Santa Kaza or the House of the Virgin Mary, where the remains of the house where the Virgin Mary recognized the prophecy about the birth of the Savior and where she lived until Jesus died are kept.
It is believed that one of the parts of that Holy Hut,located in Prague Loreta. “A pearl in a casket” is a magnificent architectural complex, which in its scope surpassed even the Italian Loreto, in the image and likeness of which this place was intended.
In 1475 there was the beginning of the construction of the tower,which was later called the Powder. However, between these two events for almost four hundred years - the construction was abandoned and resumed only in 1870, after which the tower in the Gothic style began to be used first for holding ceremonies of the royal court, and later for storing gunpowder. More about attractions.
Zlata Lane or Golden Lane is adjacent toPrague Castle is an independent landmark of Prague. In fact, these are rows of neat houses of various sizes and colors, which in the distant past played the role of official housing for the palace guard, and today they are just shops. The street attracts with its extraordinary nyasnost, fabulousness, and local guides call the houses of Zlata Streets - gingerbread. More about attractions.
The private museum of one fan of Lego, whotime has become so popular that it soon became the largest museum in Europe in terms of the number of exhibits represented in it. As they say on the website of the museum, to create several worlds of Lego.
Harry Potter, Star Wars, Indiana Jones,architectural sights and monuments of the countries of the world - just about a million Lego cubes were spent. Three floors of children's delight - a great option for entertainment in a family format. More about attractions.
Another children's place in Prague is the toy museum. One of the largest private collections of toys in the world, which was presented to the public after 1989. In the two halves of the museum you will find a collection of old and rare toys, as well as several thousand Barbie dolls (!). Castles, toy cities, robots and doll houses are a very suitable place to entertain children of school age.
Fruit market of a small German settlement,according to some data, opened in 1232, after half a century has become one of the quarters of the Old City. Today is the largest, very popular and crowded tourist market with souvenirs, sweets, and other related goods of the tourist area. Get ready to leave a lot of money here. Special chic - to get to the market during the Christmas fair.
Charles Square was founded in 1348, and at dawnits history, it served as the livestock market. Now it is the historical center of the Nové Mesto quarter. Here, near, within walking distance are located: a fountain, various interesting buildings, temples, sculptures and monuments, as well as an English park. Charles Square in Prague is very interesting in terms of unhurried walking after the streets and narrow alleys.
Two-story building near Charles Bridge. In the museum you will find photographs from the life of Kafka, his friends, acquaintances, women, his correspondence, drafts, drawings, and all this in the gloomy interior of the former brick factory. The place is mysterious, interesting to fans of Kafka, but certainly not for the mass tourist. It is noteworthy that Prague, in which Kafka lived all his life, was the last and final of the three places where the museum exhibits were exhibited.
Church of St. Ludmila
The grandiose Catholic church of St. Ludmila,neo-gothic style, which is still valid today. It was founded in 1888, completed in 1893, and it is dedicated to the very first Czech saint in the history of Christianity, the great martyr Lyudmila Česká. Lyudmila is considered the patron saint of the Czech Republic, the intercessor of women and teachers, she made a great contribution to the development of Christianity and was strangled by pagans during prayer at the age of 61 years. More about attractions.
Old Royal Palace
Old Royal Palace - one of the objectsPrague Castle, which was built at the end of the IX century, and over time has undergone many extensions, external changes and government destinations. Today it is a unique structure that bears the memory of the Romanesque style (the basements of the palace), the Gothic (Vladislav Hall) and the Renaissance.
In general, Hradcany is a whole district of Prague, inwhich houses hundreds of historical and cultural landmarks. The most famous of which are: Prague Castle, Hradcanska Square, the Archbishop's, Sternberg, Martinitsa and Tuscan palaces, the Mariana Column, the Hradcany Town Hall, Prague Loreta and others. Hradchany themselves - like a huge museum, which will take a lot of time to inspect.
Old castle staircase
More than two hundred step meters between highwalls that connect the quarters of Hradcany and Malaya Strana. At the upper end of the old castle staircase is a great observation deck. At the bottom of the stairs you will find the Wallenstein Garden with its pink chestnuts, ponds and backwaters. Excellent walk and training ankle, which is transferred imperceptibly due to the sights located along the route. More about attractions.
On the map
Sights of Prague
Sights of Prague:
In addition, Prague is a traditional center of European culture. Various international events are held here:
- festivals "Prague Spring" and "Prague Autumn";
- Gypsy Art Festival;
- festival of organ music and many others.
The presence of a huge variety of museums, theaters,Concert halls and other cultural and entertainment centers make the city a favorite place of not one thousand tourists from all over the world. And you certainly will not be difficult to decide what to see in Prague.
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