Forbidden professions in Thailand and types of business

Generally about work in ThailandI already wrote. How are things, what are the risks and so on. Plus, our readers in the comments wrote what their experience. Read.

If we talk about professions, then almost nothingIt is impossible to officially from what everyone here is planning to do and do (tour guides, cooks, photographers), all manual work is prohibited. And it is much safer to be the owner of the tourist / restaurant / hotel business, and not a performer. Or even engage in IT, remote and their projects with Thailand are not related.

The content of the article

List of prohibited professions in Thailand

- In the field of agricultural engineering, animal breeding, forestry, fish farming (with the exception of work that requires highly professional, special or scientific knowledge in these areas);
- Mason, carpenter, other construction specialties;
- Woodcarver;
- Seller in all types of trading enterprises;
- Auctioneer on all types of auctions;
- Financial controller, auditor, accountant, cashier (except for the performance of work on internal audit in companies of mixed ownership);
- The driver of the vehicle or any vehicle with or without engine drive (except for piloting aircraft of foreign airlines);
- Grinding and cutting of precious, semi-precious stones and gems;
- Haircut, hairdressing, work in the field of beauty industry;
- Fabrication of fabrics by hand or using machines that do not use machine drive;
- Production of any wicker products and furniture from cane, rattan, jute, straw or bamboo;
- Manual rice paper making;
- Production of lacquer miniatures;
- Production of Thai folk musical instruments;
- Manufacture of products from gold and its alloys, silver and its alloys;
- Making crafts and stone sculptures;
- Making Thai traditional folk dolls;
- Production of mattresses, mats and mattresses in Thai folk style;
- Production of religious items, incl. pots for the collection of alms by the monks;
- Production of natural silk and products from it;
- Production of artistic representations of the image of the Buddha;
- Making knives;
- Cooks, waiter, barman (but you can be the owner of the restaurant, manager);
- Driver of a water vehicle;
- Production of paper fans, umbrellas;
- Making shoes;
- Manufacture of hats and helmets;
- Broker or commercial agent (except for the sphere of international trade);
- The field of civil engineering;
- Production of garments;
- Pottery production;
- Hand making cigars;
- Production of food and beverages;
- A tourist guide or guide (but you can be the owner of a travel agency, or a "translator" with a guide);
- Valuation of property and goods;
- Typing in Thai (only on typewriters);
- Dangle, weaving of silk by hand or on traditional machines that do not use machine drive;
- Office manager, secretary;
- Legal consultant, lawyer, lawyer, arbitration officer (except for cases specifically established by international agreements).

Prohibited businesses

Below is a list of prohibited business activities for foreigners.

First category

Newspaper business, broadcasting or television business.
Rice farming, agriculture or horticulture.
Forestry, wood production from natural forests.
Fishing for marine animals in Thai waters and within specific economic zones of Thailand.
Extraction of Thai herbs.
Sale and auction of Thai antiques and national historical sites.
Making or casting images of Buddha and monk's alms bowls.
Land trading.

Second category

National Security or Security Business

Production, sale and maintenance:
Firearms, ammunition, gunpowder, explosives.
Accessories for firearms, ammunition and explosives.
Equipment or components, all categories of military materials.
Land, water or air transportation, including the airline's internal business.

Business affecting art and culture, traditional and folk craft.

Shopping antiques or art objects that are Thai art or craft.
Manufacture of carved wood.
Silkworm farming, Thai silk production, Thai silk weaving or Thai silk printing.
Manufacture of Thai musical instruments.
Production of gold, silver, niello, bronze or lacquered products.
Manufacture of dishes of Thai arts and culture.

Business affecting natural resources or the environment.

Sugar and sugarcane production.
Agriculture salt, including underground salt.
Mining rock salt.
Mining, including blast or rock crushing.
Wooden manufacture for the production of furniture and tableware.

Third category

Rice grinding and flour production from rice and agricultural products.
Fishing, specifically the culture of marine animals.
Forestry from afforestation.
Production of plywood, chipboard or fiberboard.
Lime production.
Accounting or business services.
Legal business services.
Architectural business services.
Engineering business services.
Construction, except:
Construction providing basic servicesto the population in the sphere of public utilities or transport, requiring special tools, machinery, technology or construction expertise, with a minimum foreigner capital of 500 million baht or more.
Other construction categories, as prescribed in accordance with the ministerial regulations.
Broker or business agent, except:
To be a broker or agent for the underwriting of securities or services related to the future trade in commodities or financial instruments or securities.
To be a broker or agent for the trade or provision of goods or services necessary for the production or provision of services between affiliated enterprises.
To be a broker or agent for trading, buyingor the distribution or search for domestic and foreign markets for the sale of domestic or imported goods in the order of international business transactions with a minimum foreigner capital of 100 million baht or more.
To be a broker or agent of another category, as prescribed in accordance with the ministerial regulations.
Auction, except:
The auction in the form of international bidding is notan auction of antiques, historical artifacts, or art objects that are Thai works of art, handicrafts, or antiques.
Other categories of auction, as prescribed in accordance with the ministerial regulations.
Domestic trade related to native products or to produce which is not yet prohibited by law.
Retail sales of all categories of goods with a total minimum capital of less than 100 million baht or having a minimum capital of each store less than 20 million baht.
Wholesale sales of all categories of goods with a minimum capital of each store less than 100 million baht.
Advertising business.
Hotel business, with the exception of hotel management services.
Sightseeing - tourist trip.
Selling food or drinks.
Crop production and business distribution.
Other categories of business services, with the exception of what is prescribed in accordance with the ministerial regulations.

Other laws affecting foreign business operations

Banking and financial business, according to their own special laws, must be at least 75% Thai property.
Also, companies engaged in inland navigation, must be at least 70% in Thai property.
According to the regulations, insurance companies and insurance brokers must be at least 75% Thai property.
Companies that own land, according to the provisions of the Land Law, must be 51% Thai owned if they have special promotional privileges.

P.S. For violation, they can plant if there are no connections or did not bribe the right people. You can still marry a secret woman and work for her.

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Choosing insurance is now unrealistically difficult, so to help all travelers, I compile a rating. To do this, I constantly monitor forums, study insurance contracts and use insurance by myself.

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First, choose a hotel on Booking. They have a good offer base, but the prices are NOT the best! The same hotel can often be found 20% cheaper in other systems through the RoomGuru service.

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