Pole of Cold Oymyakon - photo, map, how to get

Informational post from my friend who is underthe new year went to Yakutia, visited the Lena pillars and in Oymyakon at the cold pole. That's about the last time and will be discussed. This information may be useful to those who also gather in those regions on their own, and not on the tour.

The content of the article

Is it so terrible Pole of Cold

Usually, on the Internet tours in Oymyakon to the PoleColds cost from 50 tr. not counting the flight to Yakutsk. If you use such a tour, you still need to understand that you will have to take tickets for a specific date, which practically excludes the possibility of catching the sale in advance and therefore makes the trip even more expensive.

Here I will tell you how to go to the Pole of Cold budget (and in another post read about myself Oymyakon). Probably, someone may have a reasonable question: why go there at all, to this most harsh place on Earth, where the permanent population lives?

Interesting can be this:

  • see the lives of people in such conditions
  • ride on the highway "Yakutsk-Magadan" (for some reason, it enjoys special popularity among foreign tourists)
  • feel the “extreme cold” and its influence on everything around you “on your own skin”
  • taste the foals and slices prepared according to local recipes

Also, history lovers will be interested in this area as a place for the camps of the GULAG system and the very “Kolyma” highway, built at the cost of thousands of (watered) prisoners.

How to get to the Pole of Cold

It is worth going to the village of Tomtor as the largestOimyakon Valley, although there may be options. By plane to Yakutsk, then by car (minibus) about 1000 km to Tomtor. There is no official communication between Tomtor and Yakutsk in winter. From May to October a plane flies from Yakutsk once a week. The rest of the time, water obstacles on the way are covered with ice, and the car ride becomes more profitable.

Having read chilling stories aboutAdventures on the road between Yakutsk and Oymyakon, I laid two days on this road, and even to “save” one day, I took a one-way plane ticket to Ust-Nera district center, hoping to get to Tomtor on the same day.

It is better not to do that. These stories are written mostly either by independent travelers, who are unfamiliar with the road and objectively seem dangerous, especially at night, or by participants in package tours, where it is important for operators that everyone is comfortable (well, so that they pay for more days).

So, now from Yakutsk to Oymyakon (Tomtor)can be reached in one day. The federal highway "Kolyma" literally in the last two years has been significantly expanded, and the former dangerous areas have been strengthened several years ago. In general, the track itself in winter leaves a pleasant impression, and looks no worse than some in Central Russia.



You just need to find a local in advance.(Oimyakonsky) driver, who already knows by heart all the features of the road and walks along it confidently at any time of the day. The contacts I found, see the end of the note.

Approximate travel time - 14-16 hours,including rest stops. Cost - 5 tr. per person one way, but depending on conditions and the number of passengers may vary within 4-7 tr. Locals regularly go to Yakutsk about their business, so places should be. Quite often ride on minibuses. If you want to go as a group in one car, then you need to negotiate a little more in advance.

I recommend to leave in the winter early, about 6 hoursin the morning The first half of the way to Khandyga runs along a plain in which there is little interesting. But then the mountain begins - the most beautiful part of the road, and it would be good to catch it in the daytime. It gets dark in winter in these parts early, around 3 in the afternoon. It dawns around 10 am On the way back, you can see what did not have time on the way "there." In Tomtor, the time difference with Yakutsk is +1 hour.


Oymyakon on the map

There is confusion about what Oimyakon is and whereis the pole of the cold. So the whole area called Oimyakon is considered a pole. But there is also a small settlement of the same name, it is not necessary to go to it (40 km from Tomtor), although it is beautiful there, the mountains, Indigirka, a reindeer farm, just stop there. So, the meteorological station and the monument to the minimum temperature are located in the village of Tomtor, which I just marked on the map. In Tomtor, there is an airport operating in the summer, shops, and overnight stay there too.

So, almost always, when they say Oymyakon, they mean Tomtor. That is where you need to come.

Pole of Cold Oymyakon

Pole of Cold Oymyakon
The pole of the cold is the whole area called Oymyakon. A meteorological station with a monument located in the village of Tomtor, which I noted on the map.

The pole of the cold is the whole area called Oymyakon. A meteorological station with a monument located in the village of Tomtor, which I noted on the map.

Where to stay

I know two places:

1. Guest house in the Kuydusun district (about 2 km from the village center).
I stayed there myself. It is a spacious apartment with three bedrooms, living room, kitchen and separate bathroom. The European-quality repair does not smell there, but everything is clean and tidy.

Pros: can easily accommodate a group of up to 10 people. Nearby, within walking distance, the non-freezing thermal springs and the river into which they flow are very beautiful.
Cons: distance from the center of the village.
Cost: 1500 rubles. per person per night, with a large group is to ask for a discount

2. Private house in the center of the village with the hostess

It can accommodate up to 6 people. The advantages include the fact that the hostess provides guests with homemade food (Yakut cuisine should be tried!), To the downside - a typical village infrastructure including an unheated toilet in the courtyard. Although for some it will not be a minus, but vice versa.

Cost: 1800 rubles. per person per night

Local say that you can come up with other options, you can learn from existing contacts.

What to take with you

Although Tomtor has many private shops (it seemseven too much per capita), the choice in them is very poor, and prices are high. I recommend the maximum purchase in Yakutsk and load it all into the trunk. This is especially true of specific foods that you consume, including alcoholic ones. It is advisable to bring with you funds for the quick kindling of wood.

Meat (zherebyatinu) for self-cooking can be purchased from local. In the village there is a cafe where you can pre-order some kind of table. Convenient for companies.

I also recommend taking a SIM card with you, since the rest catch worse, and do not give the mobile Internet.

How to dress at the Pole of Cold

I can recommend the following:

  • Thermal underwear, better camel hair
  • Wool sweater
  • Down jacket, always with a fabric coating. I myself lost my down jacket by buying a ski option in Decathlon. It turned out to be really warm, but its synthetic coating at a temperature below -40 became hard as plastic, which somewhat hampered the movement. As an alternative to a down-padded coat, an ordinary cotton jumpsuit with a jacket for fishing, with a warm sweater, is suitable. The same applies to backpacks, it is better to take a rag. Rubberized zipper can arbitrarily protect from moisture, but in the bitter cold you can’t open it.
  • Life hacking - when ordering online on the website of Decathlon,but through the Letyshop cashback service, there will be a 2.5-5% return for all goods, and down jackets as well. If you do not know, they have a delivery, so you can order everything home. By the way, cashback works for other stores, look there.

  • Two wool socks, preferably camel or sheep wool.
  • (this is straightforwardly required) Felt shoesthe sole. Ideally, these are high boots, but they are expensive. Fit simple boots. The felt boots should have galoshes or a silicone covering of the sole (otherwise, the snow brought to them from the street begins to melt (for example, in the car), and the felt boot to melt). Leather shoes with a “familiar” rubber sole are suitable only for a short (10 minutes) stay on the street.
  • You will also need woolen mittens, be sure to double-layer.
  • A thick phone case, if you want to take pictures of them or at least be able to call if necessary.

What to visit at the Pole of Cold

The village has two museums - local history andliterary and local lore. In the first one, all the exhibits, even the 18th century carbine, can be touched (I recommend still not to abuse). The second is located in the school building and is dedicated to repressed Russian writers and the history of the Gulag on the territory of the region as a whole, for which it is called the "Museum of the Gulag."



In Tomtor is the residence of the Yakut "Santa Claus" - Chyskhaan. Located in a mountain cave at the entrance to the village. A visit must be arranged in advance.

You can go to the horse-breeding or reindeer farming, it is about 30 km from the village.


On the outskirts of the village there is a stream that does not freeze from thermal sources (oimakon means “non-freezing water”). The nature surrounding the stream amazes with its unreality.


And finally - about what interesting phenomena in the cold can be experienced in Oymyakon.

  • Experiments with food. You can make candy out of brandy. Banana, unlike juicy fruits, which are becoming brittle, acquires metallic properties. They can hammer a nail and with some effort, shatter the orange into pieces.
  • You can arrange a "Yakut salute." To do this, just pour a mug of hot water from a thermos and sharply pour it over the head with a fan. Splashes miserably turn into pieces of ice, scattering to the sides, accompanied by ice vapor. After one or two workouts it turns out very beautiful.
  • In sunny weather, you can observe halos - when the sun above the horizon turns into three almost identical.
  • Even at a frost below 50, each exhalation of air is accompanied by a characteristic whistle. Unusually.


Useful contacts

+79142297032 Rosalia Timofeevna (director of the local history museum)
+74115424498 Susanna Sergeevna Zabolotskaya (guest house)
+74115424110 Tatiana Burtseva (guest house in the Kuidusun area)
+79644266690, +79142325510, +79142917937, +79841016681, +79244678887 - contacts of local residents who can prompt with transfer

P.S. Read also other posts - interesting facts about Oymyakonabout Ust-Nehru and the road through the tundraabout Yakutsk and Lena Pillars.

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