Underground cities of Cappadocia

There is a locality in modern Turkey, the historical name of which is Cappadocia (Cappadocia), which in Russian means “The Land of Beautiful Horses”.

The uniqueness of this land lies in its landscape, mainly of volcanic origin, as well as in the presence of underground cities and cave monasteries that carry us to the times of early Christians.

Our trip there turned out to be not forgotten, not everyone can climb to their own pleasure in ancient half-destroyed houses, which were created not by man, but by nature. Our impressions Goreme National Park - Cappadocia Tours

According to one of the historical versions, on thisterritory, about 3 million years ago there was a volcanic eruption, lava which covered the entire surrounding area. In turn, the elements of nature - wind and rain have contributed to the transformation of the landscape, making it unique in its kind. Therefore, only here one can see creations created by nature itself - stone pillars, on top of which are basalts and andesites, and below - tuffs.

Throughout its history,the boundaries of the area have been repeatedly changed, but today, under the boundaries of its territory they understand the region in the center of the peninsula of Asia Minor, which has no access to the sea. This is a flat plateau, at a height of one kilometer above sea level, without any kind of vegetation and a minimum number of rivers, surrounded on all sides by mountains - Erciyes and Hasan.

Cappadocia, historically located onintersection of several important migration flows, was a "tidbit" for the section. If we try to briefly describe these periods of wars of conquest and various governments, it will look something like this:
at first, the land belonged to the Hittites (from the 18th to the 6th century BC), later to the Medes (from the 6th to the 4th century BC). Then the Persians conquer it.

In 350 BC. e. it creates, directly, the realm of Cappadocia, which in 333 BC. e. conquers Alexander of Macedon. In 17 AD already it becomes a Roman province, where it lasted until 1071, until the territory was ceded to the Seljuks as a ransom for the Byzantine emperor, Roman IV Diogenes.

The 15th year of the 16th century was marked by the annexation of the Ottoman Empire, and in 1923 the entry into the Turkish Republic.

Old village in Chavushin. 3 km from Goreme.

Old village in Chavushin. 3 km from Goreme.

Underground cities of Cappadocia

Among all known cities from antiquityCappadocia, the leading role is played by Goreme (Goreme), the former one of the largest Christian centers in the period from the 6th to the 9th century, on whose territory there were, about 400 churches. Now it is a national park - a museum of Turkey in the open.

Goreme National Park.

Goreme National Park.

On the territory of the modern park are such churches
- Church of St. Basil
- The serpent church (named after the fresco, which depicts the holy Cappadocia George and Theodore, killing the dragon),
-The dark church (the name, in principle, saysfor itself - poorly lit church because of the small windows in it. By the way, she once served as a dovecot, and after that it took more than 10 years to clean the walls),
- The church with sandals (named for footprints at the entrance) and a number of other unique and unique works of antiquity.

Icons on the walls of the stone temple.

Icons on the walls of the stone temple.

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