What to see in Istanbul

On the shores of the Bosphorus (Bosphorus), at once in two parts of the world - Asia and Europe, there is an amazing city, one of the largest in the world - Istanbul (Istanbul).
In 2010, he was awarded the title of European Capital of Culture.
Very complex history of the origin of its name.

Our impressions of this wonderful city you can read here. Istanbul is the capital of Turkey, real!

In general, I must say that Istanbul isRussified version of the Turkish name - st stanbul, which should call the city from March 28, 1930 by order of the ruling authorities. Prior to this, the city was called Byzantium (Byzantium), later Constantinople (Constantinople) or New Rome (New Rome).

Working days of Istanbul.

Working days of Istanbul.

As the origin of the name of the city is diverse, so is the history of the city itself.
The first settlements on the territory of present-day Istanbul date back to the 7th century BC, when Greek tribes settled here, led by Byzant, who founded the city of Byzantium.
And without the successful construction of the city, whatcontributed to its geographical position, it was scaled up, starting from 324 AD, by the Roman emperor Constantine the Great, after in 74 AD. Byzantium fell under the power of the Romans. In 330, the city was named Constantinople and recognized as the capital of the Roman Empire and continued to be it after its collapse, but already the capital of the Byzantine Empire, until the beginning of the 13th century, when the Crusaders established the Latin Empire here. But already in 1453 the Turks took the city and Constantinople became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and was it until 1923, until the capital functions of the city passed to Ankara.
Istanbul remained and remains the commercial, industrial, cultural and tourist center of the country.

What to see in Istanbul

From such a rich history of formation and developmentcity, Istanbul got unique monuments of antiquity. And when you think about what to see in Istanbul, first of all decide to go there for a week, and not for a couple of days.

- Basilica Cistern - a legacy of the Roman-Byzantine period. This is the surviving underground storage of drinking water of Constantinople in the form of a palace complex.
- The Hippodrome, where in its time, the chariot races, which are now famous all over the world, were held and the construction of which began back in 203 AD Emperor Septimius Severus.
Of the buildings of the religious ceremony should be noted:
- Hagia Sophia - a famous monument of Byzantium architecture, now included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site
- The Church of Christ Pantepopta of the 11th century, the floor of which, incidentally, serves as the ceiling of one of the underground reservoirs (cisterns).
- The Sultanahmet Mosque (or Blue Mosque), combining Ottoman and Byzantine styles of architecture - the current temple.
- Suleymaniye Mosque, Beyazit Mosque, Fatih Mosque and many others.
As well as the Topkapi Sultan's Palace, the PalaceDolmabahche, Rumel Fortress, the Maiden's Tower and many other monuments of antiquity - the cherished dream of many tourists from around the world. And according to some data, about 6 million people visit the city annually.

Sultanahmet (Blue Mosque) in Istanbul.

Sultanahmet (Blue Mosque) in Istanbul.

Hagia Sophia (St. Sophia Cathedral) in Istanbul.

Hagia Sophia (St. Sophia Cathedral) in Istanbul.

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