Population of Europe. Population in Europe: features, density, composition

Population of Europe

Population of Europe

The population in Europe is over 830 million.
National composition:

  • Germans;
  • French people;
  • Italians;
  • Spaniards;
  • Russians;
  • other nationalities.

The population density in different European countries is different: for example, 1250 people live in Malta per 1 km2, in San Marino - 471, Germany - 231, Norway - 14, in Iceland - 3 people.
The peoples inhabiting Europe are 13% of the total population of the Earth: almost all of them are representatives of the Caucasian race, which is represented by smaller races: Atlanto-Baltic (Ireland, Great Britain, Estonia), Central European (European part of Russia, Ukraine, central regions of Western Europe ), Balkan-Caucasian (Croatia, Serbia, Albania), Indo-Mediterranean (Italy, France, Malta), White Sea-Baltic (Lithuania, northern territories of Russia) races.
Major European countries (by population): Russia, Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Spain, Poland, Romania, Greece.
Residents of Europe speak different languages ​​(for example, only in Switzerland 4 languages ​​are official): among the main ones are Portuguese, English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Norwegian, Romanian ... In addition, little-known European languages ​​such as Castilian are common here. Montenegrin, Basque, Galician.
Europeans profess Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam, Christianity, Islam.

Life span

On average, Europeans live up to 76 years. For example, in France, men live on average 78 and women 85 years..
The lives of Europeans are shortening due to infectious, oncological and cardiovascular diseases.

Traditions and customs of the population of Europe

Wedding traditions are very interesting in Europe. For example, in Hungary and Portugal, whoever wants to dance with the bride must throw coins into her shoes (the bride puts her shoes in the middle of the room beforehand).
Newlyweds in Slovakia should give each other gifts: the groom to the bride - a silver ring, a chastity belt, a rosary, a fur hat, and the bride to the groom - a ring and a silk shirt embroidered with gold threads.
In order for the young to live in a happy marriage, in Germany, before the wedding ceremony, guests break dishes on the doorstep of the bride's house, and the French at the wedding drink wine from a goblet..
The population of Europe grew very slowly due to endless wars, low life expectancy, high infant mortality, and a low level of medicine. Today, the level of medicine in Europe is at a height, but due to the fact that the number of marriages is decreasing, and the number of divorces is increasing, the birth rate in European countries is below the level of natural reproduction.


  • Population of Europe