The national flag of Hungary is rectangular and has a two to three aspect ratio. It consists of three horizontal stripes of different colors of the same width. Their choice is due to the coat of arms. From top to bottom go red, which symbolizes the blood of the Hungarian patriots who fell in the war for the country's independence, white, meaning the purity and noble ideals of the Hungarian people, as well as green, associated with the hope for a better future for the state. The modern flag was approved on October 1, 1957.
The originally mentioned colors were used as early as the middle of the 16th century for the lining of drums. In the next century, these same shades were used to decorate naval standards and decorate coronation ceremonies..
After the revolution of 1848, the red-white-green banner was adopted as the national flag. As for the tricolor «green-red-white», it also served as the state coat of arms. At that time, a green mountain, a red shield and white stripes were depicted on it. The first flags appeared in Hungary already in the 9th century, and then they were red. At the end of the 10th century, when Christianity began to be actively implanted in Europe, they began to depict white crosses on the banners. Therefore, from the XII to the XIV centuries. The flags of Hungary consisted mainly of 6-8 red and white horizontal stripes. The green color was added only in 1305, and then it served to depict three green mountains under a white six-pointed cross. After the accession of the monarchs of the Anjou dynasty to the throne, the flag of Hungary, in addition to the red and white stripes, also contained the image of a golden lily on a green field. For almost 5 centuries, the banner was decorated with the royal crown, and this lasted until the revolution of the middle. 19th century. It is curious that the Hungarian flag has undergone many changes, since one or the other symbols of neighboring countries were depicted on it. For example, a Czech lion with two tails; symbols of Slavonia: lines, star and marten; Polish eagle; croatian red and white «checker», eagle with a crescent moon from Silesia; the heads of three crowned lions from Dalmatia; numerous emblems of Transylvania (sun, moon, half an eagle and 7 towers), as well as a lion from Luxembourg.
The use of the current flag was re-confirmed on 1 January 2012. It is also interesting that the official version of the government and state flag consists of only three colored stripes, but there is also an unofficial government flag, in the middle of which is the country's coat of arms.