Panama is located in South and Central America, occupying the Isthmus of Panama. The country's territory stretches between the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Panama shares borders with Colombia and Costa Rica. The islands of Panama are very popular with tourists. Among them there are land areas of various sizes, from miniature to very large. Many islands are densely populated. Previously, Panamanian territory was inhabited by the Indian tribes of Choco, Kuna and Guayam. Today, most of the country's population is represented by mestizos. Panama is also home to mulattoes, blacks and sambo.
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The terrain of Panama is uneven. The highest point is the Baru volcano, which is located in the Chiriqui province. The state became widely known thanks to the Panama Canal, created with the help of the United States. The channel stretches from the Pacific coast to the Atlantic. It is considered the longest artificial canal on the planet. Over 12 thousand ships pass through it annually. In the northeast of the Gulf of Panama (Pacific Ocean) is the Las Perlas or Pearl Islands archipelago. They are 70 km away from the city of Panama. Their total area is more than 329 sq. km. This group consists of 200 small islands and 16 large ones. However, only 90 of them are designated. The largest island of the group is Rey, where pearls are mined. In addition to it, such islands as San Jose, Saboga, Pedro Gonzalez, Mogo-Mogo and others are popular among tourists. Europeans noticed this archipelago as early as 1513.
The famous resort today is the island of Contadora. Together with the neighboring islands, it enters the Kuna Java region. By this name, Panamanians understand insular education. People live there in buildings made of bamboo and palm trees. They are engaged in fishing and transporting tourists. Almost all the islands of the archipelago are distinguished by their picturesque landscapes. There are white sand beaches, turquoise seawater and rainforests. Some islands are sandy and surrounded by reefs.
The islands of Panama are also part of the Secas archipelago. It is a series of sparsely populated islands in the Pacific Ocean. The natural world on uninhabited land areas is considered unique. The San Blas archipelago is located near the country's Caribbean coast. Its islands have always been the territory of Indian tribes. They are currently an Autonomous Region of Panama. In the northeastern part of the country, in the Chiriquí lagoon, there is the Bocas del Toro archipelago. It includes 9 large and 52 small land areas, as well as over 200 reefs. This region is one of the best areas in the country..
The islands of Panama are located in the subequatorial climate zone. The rainy season is observed from May to November. At this time, heavy rains fall almost daily. The rest of the months are dominated by the dry season. The heat is hard to bear here because of the high humidity. Panama is located in an area that is not penetrated by tropical cyclones common in many parts of the Caribbean..