London metro: map, photo, description
London Underground map
The London Underground is the oldest in the world. The first subway line opened in 1863 and was called the Metropolitan Railway, it was built to connect two railway stations - Paddington and King's Cross station - with the City, where crowds of workers and employees rushed from remote areas every day..
By the end of the 1880s, the London Underground network was already sufficiently developed, and while on the mainland they were only designing underground transport systems with steam locomotives in trains, electric trains began to operate in London in 1890.
London Underground lines
Currently, the London Underground, colloquially called «trumpet», - one of the best ways to explore the city without wasting time. The metro covers most areas of the city, as well as Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Essex. The London Underground has 13 lines (including Doklands Light Railway / DLR - Docklands Light Rail and London Overground - «London elevator», which are not officially part of the London Underground system) and 275 stations.
Metro zones are divided into areas: Eastbound, Westbound, Northbound, or Southbound. Some of the lines are exposed to the surface, others are entirely on the surface, for example: Metropolitan, District, Circle, Hammersmith & City ... Other lines are underground all along the path, such as: Bakerloo, Central, Jubilee, Northern , Piccadilly, Victoria, Waterloo & City.
London Underground opening hours
Like the Moscow metro, the London metro tunnels have only two tracks, so at night (approximately at the same hours - from 01: 000 to 5:30) they are closed for maintenance.
London Underground tickets
Tickets «Travelcard» for travel on the London subway - paper, with a magnetic stripe. Significantly beneficial for travel smart cards «Oyster» with a built-in contactless chip, on which passengers can deposit any amount of money. Both cards can be used on London's surface transport: trams, buses, light rail and commuter trains. Transit cards can be purchased on the Underground at the metro ticket offices or at ticket machines..
For passengers with disabilities and persons who have turned 60 years old before April 6, 2010, free travel with a card is provided. «Oyster».
In addition to conductors and turnstiles, the fare is checked by transport controllers in civilian clothes and ticket controllers in uniform. Stowaways can be punished not only with a fine of up to £ 1000, but also, according to the rules and the law, by three months in prison..