Sea of Azerbaijan
The Republic of Azerbaijan is a unique country. It is located in Asia Minor, in the Middle East and in Eastern Europe at the same time, but the sea of Azerbaijan is actually not such at all. To the list of uniqueness, you can add the presence of nine of the eleven climatic zones existing on the planet, while the country occupies only 112th place in the world in terms of the area of its territory..
This is how it is customary to refer to the sea washing the shores of Azerbaijan. The history of his name is shrouded in mystery, and the answer to the question of which sea washes Azerbaijan, there may be a version «Caspian», and option «Khazar». The Turks and Persians called it the Khazar, the largest closed lake in the world, and the Caspian Sea began to be called, according to historians, in honor of the tribe that lived on these shores even before the new era. The nomads were called Caspians and were engaged in horse breeding, and the lake became a sea on the globe not only because of its gigantic size. Its bottom looks like an oceanic type of crust..
- The length of the coastline of the sea of Azerbaijan is at least 6.7 thousand kilometers.
- There are almost fifty islands of various sizes in the Caspian Sea.
- 130 rivers flow into the sea, of which the most famous are the Volga, Terek and Ural.
- The Caspian washes the shores of not only Azerbaijan, but also four other states.
- The largest port on the Caspian Sea is the capital Baku. The city is located on the Absheron Peninsula.
- The water level in the Caspian Sea fluctuates quite significantly, which is associated with climatic and anthropogenic reasons.
Having learned which seas are in Azerbaijan, travelers are also interested in the climatic conditions of the area. On the shores of the Caspian, scientists note the weather characteristic of the climate of semi-desert and dry steppe. This area is characterized by hot and long summers with minimal rainfall and moderate winter temperatures. The southern part of the Caspian Sea coast near the city of Lankaran has a warm climate. In autumn, strong winds blow here from the north, and precipitation falls several times more than in summer..
Places of interest
The main directions of tourism in Azerbaijan are unique archaeological sites and natural reserves. Beach recreation is not developed due to the not very favorable ecological situation in the coastal region. This is associated with oil production and other consequences of human activities. The main historical sights on the seashore in Azerbaijan are concentrated in the capital Baku and the Absheron Peninsula..
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