Iran's population is over 77 million.
- other peoples (Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Tats, Lurs, Bakhtiyars, Talysh, Baluchis, Turks).
Persians, who make up half of the entire population of Iran, live mainly in the central regions of the country, Azerbaijanis - in the northern regions, Kurds - in the provinces of Kermanshah and Kurdistan, Lurs and Bakhtiyars - in the southwestern regions of the country, Tats, Talysh, Gilyands - on the southern coast of the Caspian ... As for the peoples belonging to the Turkic group, they are the Turkmens, who live in Khorosan and Mazandaran, and the Qashqays, who inhabit Fars. In addition, Arabs live in Iran (their place of residence is Khuzestan and the islands of the Persian Gulf), as well as Jews, Armenians and Assyrians (they live in cities, united into communities).
For 1 sq. km is home to 42 people, but more than 450 people live in the northern regions per 1 sq. km, and in the deserts and semi-deserts of Central Iran, 1 sq. km. km is home to only 1 person.
State language - Persian (Farsi).
Major cities: Tehran, Keredj, Isfahan, Tabriz, Mashhad, Qom, Ahvaz, Abadan, Shiraz.
The overwhelming majority of Iranians (98%) profess Islam (Shiism, Sunnism), the rest - Christianity, Judaism, Zoroastrianism.
The female population on average lives up to 72, and the male population - up to 69 years..
In recent years, Iran, thanks to significant financial investments in the health care system, has managed to eradicate such dangerous diseases as measles, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, diphtheria, tetanus and others. Measures have been taken in the country to protect environmental health - today the population is provided with high-quality drinking water and is being trained in hygiene standards. Iranians smoke less thanks to government anti-smoking efforts (number of smokers dropped from 15% to 11%).
Another achievement of Iran is the availability of health houses equipped with computers with Internet access (they are open in all settlements). If an admitted to a health home needs hospitalization in a larger medical and medical center, then his electronic medical record will be sent there, which will allow the doctor who will deal with the treatment of his new patient to get acquainted with the history of his illness..
Traditions and customs of the people of Iran
In Iran, men are allowed to have up to 4 wives, but usually they have no more than 1 wife. And all because, according to the law, a man is obliged to treat each of his wives in the same way (this applies to the material, psychological and sexual side of life). In addition, if a woman, upon marriage, sets a condition that throughout her life she will be the only wife for her spouse, he will not be able to violate this condition, since it is documented (unless, of course, he refuses and disrupts the wedding).
Iranian wedding traditions are interesting in that the groom is obliged to present his future wife with an expensive gift in the form of a house, apartment or a decent amount of money in gold coins, and the bride to the groom - a wedding suit or ring.
If you are going to Iran, teach that you can neither smoke nor drink alcohol in public places (you can become the target of harassment by local law enforcement agencies).