Islands of africa
Africa is a huge continent, second only to Eurasia in area. It is washed by such oceans as the Atlantic and Indian. The northeastern shores of Africa go out to the Red Sea, and the northern ones to the Mediterranean. This part of the world includes not only the mainland, but also the adjacent islands. The islands of Africa are increasing its area from 29.2 million square meters. km (the area occupied by the mainland) to 30.3 million square meters. km.
Brief description of the African islands
The most significant island in this part of the world is Madagascar. It is separated from the continent by the Strait of Mozambique. The Seychelles, popular with tourists, are located near the equator. Africa also includes Madeira, the Canary Islands, Socotra, Principe, Bioko and others. The largest land area in the state of Sao Tome and Principe is Sao Tome, bordering the equator. The island is located in the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic). Its length is 48 km, and its width is 32 km. The nature, influenced by the equatorial and tropical maritime climate, attracts tourists from all over the world to the island. Its population is represented by the Santomeans and Portuguese using the Portuguese language..
The list of African islands also includes Moheli or Mwali. It is the smallest island that forms the Comoros. The island has a poorly developed infrastructure and is sparsely populated. But there is a National Marine Park, which has no analogues. Therefore, fans of scuba diving strive to get to Moheli Island to admire the coral formations. Reunion Island is considered an interesting land area. This is an overseas territory of France with a population of about 800 thousand people. Reunion is located east of Madagascar. The Swahili Islands are located nearby. The French managed to turn the island into their colony in 1665. In terms of climate, it resembles Hawaii, as it is also located in a very hot part of the planet..
Tropical piece of land owned by Tanzania - Zanzibar. This is the main island of the archipelago of the same name. Zanzibar is the largest spice supplier. The share of Zanzibar cloves in world exports is over 70%. Therefore, more than half of the island is occupied by plantations of cloves, cinnamon and other spicy plants. The islands of Africa in the Arabian Sea (northwest of the Indian Ocean) are land areas in the Socotra archipelago. It is formed by 2 rocks and 4 islands.
Different parts of Africa have a heterogeneous climate. The continent stretches from the subtropical northern belt to the subtropical southern belt, crossing the equator. The islands of Africa have a diverse flora and fauna. There is a rich underwater world, white sand beaches, impassable jungle and exotic animals.