Cairo - the capital of Egypt
The capital of Egypt, Cairo, a person who first visited the city is somewhat shocking. Chaotic buildings, poverty-stricken neighborhoods coexist with luxurious mansions, and on the streets you can see a luxurious car moving next to a wretched peasant cart. But when the first shock passes, you will see a completely amazing city in front of you, which is ready to give you many pleasant minutes..
Pyramids of Giza
In general, there are about a hundred pyramids on the territory of the camp. Some are already practically destroyed, but many have come down to us in almost perfect condition. The highest are the pyramids of Cheops, Mikerin and Khafre..
- The Cheops pyramid is the largest of all. The interior decoration of the pyramid is rather primitive. There are no decorations and drawings, there are only three large burial chambers. Unfortunately, the red granite sarcophagus is empty. Scientists suggest that the pyramid was plundered a very, very long time ago.
- The pyramid of Khafre is the second largest structure, it was erected about 40 years later than the pyramid of Cheops. It was here, in her lower temple, that the mummification of Khafre was carried out.
- The Pyramid of Mikerin is the third pyramid of Giza. Her burial room was carved directly at the base of the structure, which is a natural rock..
While walking around the city, be sure to visit one of the oldest buildings in the capital - the Ibn Tulun Mosque. It was built in 879 by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. He, the son of a slave, by the will of fate was able to rise to the highest ranks, acting as the governor of Egypt. The mosque was intended for his army, which was supposed to perform Friday prayer here..
The mosque itself is extraordinarily beautiful. A wall separates it from city streets, and it itself occupies more than six acres. The minaret of the mosque has an external spiral staircase, which makes it unique. A drawing of a mosque adorns the obverse of an Egyptian 5 pound note.
Dakhshur is a rocky plateau that became the basis for numerous pyramids. It is worth highlighting the Broken Pyramid and the Red Pyramid, where the mummy of Pharaoh Sneferu rests. Scientists are still wondering why the pharaoh erected the pyramids at such a small distance from each other..
The Red Pyramid is the largest and oldest in the entire country, surpassing even the Pyramid of Cheops. The name was given to it by the color of the stone from which it is built. The broken pyramid is a completely unusual structure, the architectural solution of which raises many questions. The fact is that the angle of inclination of the structure when approaching its center sharply decreases, giving the structure a completely unusual look.