Islands of Indonesia
The islands of Indonesia form the largest archipelago on the planet. In total, there are over 17 thousand islands, many of which are uninhabited. Each island has its own characteristics and attractions. But all of them are distinguished by exotic nature and beautiful beaches. Indonesia occupies the islands of the Malay Archipelago and the western part of the island of New Guinea. The territory of the state is washed by the waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The land border separating Indonesia from Malaysia passes on the island of Kalimantan. On the island of New Guinea, the country borders on Papua New Guinea, and on the island of Timor - on East Timor.
The Republic of Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world. The country is known primarily for its excellent resorts. The largest islands in Indonesia are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan and Bali. They are popular with tourists, as they have all the conditions for a quality rest. The most famous island is Bali, where it is always lively. It is a volcanic land area with a population of about 3.1 million. Not far from Bali is the island of Lombok. There are fewer tourist sites, more space and wild beaches. In the north of the island is Mount Gunung Rinjani, which many travelers aspire to conquer. The most respectable places in Indonesia are Jimbaran and Nusa Dua.
A bit of history
The settling of the islands of Indonesia began 45 thousand years ago. The earliest settlers are considered representatives of the Negroid race. From them later came such Indonesian peoples as the Papuans and Cuba. The modern population of this country is represented by Madurians, Sunda and Javanese. Colonizers from Europe came to the islands in the 16th century. Their penetration is explained by the great demand for spices and spices that grew in abundance in this area. Great Britain, Portugal, the Netherlands, Spain competed for dominance over the islands at different times. Indonesia gained independence in 1945.
The islands of Indonesia are located in a humid, equatorial climate. On some islands, the climate is subequatorial. The air temperature in the flat areas is about +26 degrees. The temperature varies slightly with the seasons. In mountainous areas at high altitudes there are sometimes frosts. The islands have high humidity (at least 80%). Indonesia has a rainy season between December and April. At this time, the country is experiencing heavy rains with thunderstorms. The dry season lasts from May to November. This seasonality is associated with the change of monsoons..