Madagascar is the fourth largest island among the world's islands. It is found in the Indian Ocean. The Mozambique Channel separates it from the African coast. The islands of Madagascar belong to the state of the same name. The length of the island of Madagascar is approximately 1600 km and its width exceeds 600 km. It covers an area of more than 587 thousand km. The western coast of the island is washed by the Mozambique Channel. The rest of the shores reach the open Indian Ocean.
The island got its name from Marco Polo, a famous traveler from the Middle Ages. Most of Madagascar is highlands. There are many volcanoes and earthquakes are frequent. The highest point of the island is considered to be the Marumukutru peak, reaching 2876 m. Lowlands are found on the east coast, and plains on the west. The island has five mountain systems in which deposits of metals and minerals have been discovered. The landscapes of Madagascar are varied. While eucalyptus and rosewood forests grow in the central part of the island, tropical thickets can be seen in the south..
The island of Madagascar is located in three climatic zones: tropical monsoon, maritime temperate and arid desert. The average air temperature in the capital is +17 degrees. The eastern shores of Madagascar are affected by cyclones. Floods are frequent on the island. The low season on the islands is winter, when precipitation is at its maximum. During this period, strong waves are observed in the ocean, although the water temperature is +30 degrees. Showers increase humidity and erode roads. The humid and hot climate increases the risk of contracting tropical disease. Therefore, in winter Madagascar is not popular with holidaymakers. The swimming season lasts from May to mid-autumn in the area. In May, the water temperature is about +26 degrees..
Madagascar is located next to Africa. But the flora and fauna of the island is different from the African ones. It is home to rare animals that are not found on other islands and continents. Lemurs are considered the most prominent representatives of unique animals. The ecological characteristics of the island of Madagascar are unparalleled. Endemic species of animals and plants make up about 80% of the local flora and fauna. Exceptional landscapes are the main asset of Madagascar. Therefore, most of it is declared a protected area and is under state protection..